September 22, 2023


Make Some Fun

Artwork Historical past Information: Picasso at Public sale II

131 min read

Christie’s is happy has introduced Pablo Picasso’s Buste d’homme dans un cadre from the Property of Sir Sean Connery, as a number one spotlight of the 20th and 21st Century Artwork Night Sale to happen on 26 Might on the Hong Kong Conference and Exhibition Centre (estimate on request; within the area of HK$150 million/ US$19 million). Supplied contemporary to the market and extraordinary amongst Picasso’s late works for its orderly composition, sleek, decisive strains, and depth of expression, this seminal canvas is likely one of the most interesting and most putting of the artist’s work from the final decade of his life.

Buste d’homme dans un cadre is an epic illustration of Picasso’s iconic musketeer motif: the pan-European, 17th Century swashbuckling archetype of masculinity, deriving its inspiration from celebrated golden age grasp painters similar to Rembrandt and Velázquez, and literary giants Shakespeare and Dumas. On this portray, the sitter bears the gaze of Picasso’s personal intense black eyes, sporting a goatee worthy of the Cardinal Richelieu, a literary nemesis in Dumas’ famed novel The Three Musketeers which Picasso re-read in 1966, sparking his inspiration for the sequence. In Picasso’s model of Cardinal Richelieu within the current work, the topic shows an affable aptitude, via an intensely vibrant palette depicting his distinctive hair and facial options; the robust gaze and vast collar of his costume recall the directness and depth of Rembrandt’s self-portraits.

On this work, the fashion of paint utility is indebted way more to Vincent van Gogh: dense swirling strokes of paint emanate all through, curling inside his ruff, round his head and even up excessive of the painted body—whereupon Picasso modernises the intelligent trompe l’oeil compositional system—referencing the ornate gilt of Baroque ornamentation in a playful vibrant yellow, energetically articulated with fast, gestural strokes and scrawls of black, white, and sable, paying homage to Van Gogh’s unruly sunflowers and powerful winds on wheat area

Painted in April 1932, 90 years in the past to the month, Femme nue couchée is one among Pablo Picasso’s most monumental and uninhibitedly sensual portrayals of Marie-Thérèse Walter. Showing at public sale for the primary time, the large-scale portray is poised to attain in extra of $60 million at Sotheby’s Fashionable Night Public sale on 17 Might, making it probably the most invaluable portraits of Marie-Thérèse Walter ever supplied at public sale.

Marie-Thérèse was the inspiration for a lot of of Picasso’s best works, with 1932 – the yr through which he was lastly in a position to give full painterly voice to his ardour – extensively thought to be his ‘annus mirabilis’. So terribly was Picasso’s output that yr, a whole museum exhibition has been devoted to it (“Paris 1932”, at Tate Fashionable in 2018). And whereas the works from this second stand out for his or her creativity and their joyous temper, what maybe marks them out most of all is the depth of want that underpins them. (In truth, the French leg of exhibition on the Musee Picasso was referred to as “Paris 1932: année erotique”.)

However of the numerous portraits Picasso painted of Marie-Therese in that yr, this explicit picture stands out: it’s a uniquely compelling composition that’s radically completely different, each from the rest in his oeuvre, and from the broader artwork historic custom of the feminine reclining nude. On this work, Picasso evokes Marie-Therese with the robust and sensuous fin-like limbs of a sea-creature. Although he would go on to render subsequent lovers in animalistic kind, the allusion to the ocean right here is critical: Marie-Thérèse was additionally an avid and completed swimmer whose highly effective, athletic grace within the water was a supply of fixed fascination for Picasso (one thing that was maybe all of the extra beguiling for him, on condition that – for on a regular basis he spent on the seaside as a toddler and subsequently – he in reality he by no means realized to swim). Along with which, the headiest days of their blossoming relationship have been spent by the ocean: in the summertime of 1928, Picasso took his then-wife Olga and son Paulo to the seaside at Dinard. Unbeknown to them, he additionally put in his then-still-secret-lover Marie-Thérèse in a vacation camp close by, ‘eloping’, at any time when doable for secret romantic encounters by the ocean.

Moreover, a lover of the ocean (‘I’m a toddler of the ocean; I lengthy to wash in it, to gulp down the salty water’) and an avid movie goer, Picasso might nicely have been influenced on this composition by Jean Painlevé’s 1928 surrealist masterpiece, La Pieuvre, “a charming love letter to one among nature’s most clever and enigmatic creations.

Constructing on the lineage of the reclining nude in artwork historical past, Picasso’s Femme nue couchée presents a daring new tackle the custom, upending naturalism for the biomorphic types of Surrealism and a curvilinear method derived from his simultaneous sculptural apply, which might show extremely influential to generations of artists to come back.

In early 1932 Picasso was planning a serious retrospective scheduled for June, and in preparation for the exhibition started his first devoted sequence of work depicting his muse and mistress Marie-Thérèse Walter within the seclusion of his new nation residence of Boisgeloup. In Femme nue couchée, which was accomplished throughout this era, Picasso charted new territory together with his portrait of Marie-Thérèse, not solely in his personal physique of labor, however within the historical past of the nude determine together with his depiction of her reclining in a extremely abstracted area, highlighting her biomorphic determine with touches of fertility, sexuality, and beauty. As a landmark work inside Picasso’s oeuvre and his famed sequence accomplished in 1932, in addition to a pivotal exampale within the historical past of portraiture, Femme nue couchée’s arrival at public sale for the primary time this Spring marks a big second in Picasso’s unmatched legacy within the artwork market.

The story of Picasso’s first encounter with Marie-Thérèse, and their subsequent love affair, is among the many most compelling in Twentieth century artwork historical past. Picasso first met Marie-Thérèse in Paris in 1927 when she was seventeen years outdated. The couple’s relationship was saved a well-guarded secret for a few years, each on account of the truth that Picasso was then nonetheless married to Olga Khokhlova, a Russian-Ukrainian dancer he had met on tour with Diaghilev, and due to Marie-Thérèse’s age. It was throughout these previous months that he first forged his inventive highlight on the voluptuous blonde. Till then, Picasso had solely referenced his extramarital affair with Marie-Thérèse in code, typically embedding her symbolically in a composition or rendering her unmistakable profile as a characteristic of the background. However by the top of 1931, Picasso might now not repress the artistic impulse that his lover impressed, and over Christmas 1931 and into early 1932, Marie- Thérèse emerged, for the primary time, in absolutely recognizable, languorous, kind in his work.

For Picasso, Marie-Thérèse supplied a sensual amalgam of the lover, the mannequin, and the goddess, and could be forged in lots of roles all through his physique of labor. In Boisgeloup, Picasso more and more devoted his time and artistic vitality to sculpture, together with quite a lot of plaster busts and reclining nude portraits of Marie-Thérèse. The affect of this medium is seen in Femme nue couchée within the monumental sculptural drive with which Picasso portrays the feminine physique. On the identical time, the psychological state of the sleeping girl resonates within the smooth modelling of the determine, creating an environment of reverie and carefree abandon. In search of to convey his erotic want, Picasso generates morphological permutations and distortions of the feminine anatomy. Abandoning any try at naturalism, he creates a determine composed of biomorphic varieties, a method that developed from his earlier, Surrealist works.

Picasso’s remedy of the feminine determine is undoubtedly rooted within the nice custom of the reclining nude in artwork historical past, following his predecessors Goya, Ingres, and Manet, amongst others. But, the artist’s surprising new tackle the nude and frank sexuality would supply an affect to among the best artists within the generations to comply with.

Dora Maar was a commanding presence and this portrait by Picasso conveys her magnificence and mind to highly effective impact. Painted within the French tricolor of crimson, white and blue – and prominently signed and dated – it captures an actual sense of Maar’s character and speaks eloquently of Picasso’s emotions. Curiosity in Picasso has been surging amongst Asian collectors, as we witnessed final yr with two consecutive public sale data for the artist in Asia, most notably for a portrait of Picasso’s second spouse Jacqueline Roque. This season we’re thrilled to current a museum-quality work that ranks among the many finest examples by the artist to come back to public sale within the area.


This April in Hong Kong, Sotheby’s will provide a compelling portrait by Pablo Picasso of his lover, Dora Maar, from a massively necessary interval within the artist’s life. The looks of the work not solely marks the primary time a Dora Maar portrait by the artist has come to public sale in Asia, it additionally comes at a second when demand for Picasso within the area is at an all-time excessive – sizzling on the heels of two consecutive public sale data achieved for the artist in Asia by Sotheby’s final yr throughout the spring and autumn gross sales seasons. Painted in 1939, when the European continent was getting ready to struggle, the portrait is especially alluring, and weird in its calm class, on condition that lots of Picasso’s portraits of Dora Maar present her face in anguish and fractured right into a cubist remedy of her options.

Estimated in extra of HK$138 million / $17.6 million, Dora Maar can be supplied as a part of Sotheby’s spring gross sales sequence in Hong Kong, alongside a powerful number of works from the fashionable interval – by artists similar to Chen Yifei, Wu Guanzhong, Chu Teh-Chun and Zao Wou-Ki – within the Fashionable Night Public sale on 27 April. The sale can be complemented by a equally broad and powerful providing of Modern Artwork in a night public sale on the identical day, led by Louise Bourgeois’ (virtually) seven-foot Spider IV – the primary Spider by the artist to be introduced at public sale in Asia.

Picasso and Dora Maar

The love story between Dora Maar and Picasso is arguably probably the most turbulent in Twentieth-century artwork historical past. Their affair was a partnership of mental trade in addition to of intense ardour, and her affect on the artist resulted in among the most daring and most famous portraits of his profession.

Picasso met Maar, the Surrealist photographer, in early 1936, and was instantly enchanted by her mind and wonder, and by her commanding presence. Though nonetheless romantically concerned with Marie-Thérèse Walter and married to Olga Khokhlova on the time, Picasso grew to become intimately concerned with Maar. Not like the extra docile and home Marie-Thérèse, Maar was an artist, spoke Picasso’s native Spanish, and shared his mental and political issues.

Throughout this era of drama in his private life, Picasso balanced Maar and Walter in an more and more complicated and acrimonious home setting. On the identical time, world occasions have been additionally coming to a climax and making themselves felt in Picasso’s work. When Picasso launched into the good masterpiece Guernica – in response to the bombing of the Spanish city of Guernica in April 1937 – Maar assisted in addition to producing a photo-documentary of the work in progress. They might stay collectively till 1943.

Maar’s arrival marked an necessary stylistic change for Picasso that in a short time made itself felt in his artwork, with a definite shift from the sweeping curvilinear types of Marie-Thérèse Walter in direction of extra sharply delineated varieties that captured the essence of the a number of and infrequently conflicting sides of Maar’s character. Together with her head resting on her hand, in Dora Maar she seems pensively towards the viewer, conveying a way of attribute depth and gravity. That is solely additional contrasted by the fiery crimson background, a symbolic reference to Maar’s equally passionate and spirited character. The portrait reveals Maar in a self-possessed and proud pose, her charming face each contemplative and inscrutable. Her most putting options, powerfully rendered right here, have been her thick mantle of wealthy black hair – which she saved lengthy at Picasso’s request – and her dazzling soulful eyes.

Picasso’s selection of a panel for Dora Maar was of inventive significance. All through his profession, Picasso usually chosen completely different media to permit full reign for his artistic freedom, switching effortlessly between canvas, panel, paper, or whichever different medium he felt compelled to make use of. He started portray on panel throughout his Blue Interval and his Surrealist interval, and continued to take action via the Fifties.

Dora Maar belongs to a small group of oils on panel painted between 27th and 29th March 1939, together with examples held within the Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía, Madrid and the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York. 

 Christie’s has introduced 

Pablo Picasso’s Tête de femme (Fernande), the primary main sculpture of the artist’s profession as a number one spotlight of the 20th Century Artwork Night Sale going down this Might at Rockefeller Heart in New York Metropolis (estimate on request; within the area of $30,000,000). One in every of two casts of the work owned by The Metropolitan Museum of Artwork, Tête de femme (Fernande) has been deaccessioned by the Museum; proceeds from the sale can be solely devoted to future acquisitions for the Museum’s assortment.

Marc Porter, Chairman, Christie’s Americas, remarks: “It’s a true privilege for us to companion with The Metropolitan Museum of Artwork on the sale of Picasso’s seminal sculpture Tête de femme(Fernande) to learn future acquisitions for the Museum’s assortment. Created in 1909, this three-dimensional bronze bust, impressed by the artist’s first muse Fernande Olivier, is a uncommon instance, representing a completely essential second within the growth of Picasso’s inventive apply, Cubism, and the artwork historic canon at massive. We’re honored to supply this work in our Twentieth Century Night Sale this spring.” 

Max Carter, Head of Christie’s Impressionist and Fashionable Artwork Division, remarks: Tête de femme (Fernande) is Cubism’s definitive early sculpture. Its revolutionary architectural faceting, which Picasso sliced and sharpened after modeling in clay, suggests Vesalius as a lot because it does Frank Gehry. To supply this terribly wealthy, stunning forged on behalf of The Metropolitan Museum of Artwork is the final word honor.”

Tête de femme (Fernande) stands as an icon of twentieth-century artwork. Executed in clay in 1909, the sculpture marks the fruits of an necessary sequence of painted research of Fernande Olivier, the artist’s first nice love. The work represents a pivotal second within the growth of Cubism, the unconventional motion that overturned centuries-old traditions of artmaking, solely reshaping the event of recent artwork. With Tête de femme (Fernande), Picasso’s intense explorations into the character of pictorial illustration have been synthesized into three-dimensional kind. This idea opened the door to a number of latest potentialities not simply within the medium of sculpture, however of artwork itself, paving the way in which for lots of the developments that will comply with all through the 20 th century.

Taking the distinctive options of his muse, in Tête de femme (Fernande) Picasso reimagined her head and face with a brand new language of faceted varieties. Constructed with a mix of fragmented geometric and organically-shaped planes, the work is stuffed with a way of rhythmic dynamism. Harnessing immaterial ideas of sunshine and area, Picasso created a piece that’s each a figurative portrayal of a girl’s head, whereas on the identical time, an virtually summary configuration of varieties that replicate the sunshine with a continuing evanescence.

Tête de femme (Fernande) was born from an intense interval of artistic manufacturing that Picasso loved over the summer time of 1909. Along with Fernande, the artist traveled to the agricultural Catalonian village Horta de Ebro (now referred to as Horta de Sant Joan) in June, embarking on a interval now acknowledged to be vital within the evolution of his artwork and Cubism as an entire. Worlds other than Paris, Horta and its topography performed a task in inspiring and informing the event of a brand new revolutionary formal language.

There are round 20 recognized casts of Picasso’s Tête de femme (Fernande), nearly all of that are in public establishments together with the Musée Nationwide Picasso, Paris; Nationwide Gallery, Prague; The Artwork Institute of Chicago; The Metropolitan Museum of Artwork, New York; Norton Museum of Artwork, Palm Seaside; Museum of Fashionable Artwork, New York; Kunsthaus Zürich; Museum of Fantastic Arts, Boston; Moderna Museet, Stockholm; Nationwide Gallery of Artwork, Washington, D.C.; Artwork Gallery of Ontario, Toronto; Albright-Knox Artwork Gallery, Buffalo, New York and Portland Artwork Museum, Oregon. 5 of the 9 casts from the later version are additionally positioned in public establishments, together with the Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Backyard, Smithsonian Establishment, Washington, D.C.; Los Angeles Museum of Artwork; Norton Simon Artwork Basis, Pasadena; Stiftung Kulturbesitz, Berlin and Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofia, Madrid. The plasters are on the Nasher Sculpture Heart, Dallas and on long-term mortgage on the Tate, London.

Tête de femme (Fernande) can be on view together with chosen highlights from the 20th Century / 21st Century Night Gross sales in Hong Kong and London earlier than returning to New York, the place it is going to be on exhibition at Christie’s New York forward of the sale in Might.

Pablo Picasso, La fenêtre ouverte (1929, estimate: £14,000,000-24,000,000)

  • Offered at public sale for the primary time, La fenêtre ouverte (1929, estimate: £14,000,000-24,000,000) is a seminal work from Pablo Picasso’s Surrealist interval. The portray will spotlight Christie’s 21st version of The Artwork of the Surreal Night Sale, a key ingredient of the 20/21 Shanghai to London sequence of auctions, which can happen on 1 March 2022. Impressively scaled and rendered with a daring color palette and direct dealing with, La fenêtre ouverte is a piece of putting visible energy. Painted on 22 November 1929, this complicated and compelling studio scene is one among a sequence of Atelier works that Picasso had begun round 1926, richly symbolic and radically constructed work that reveal the multi-faceted pursuits of the artist right now. Different works from this sequence are housed in museums together with The Museum of Fashionable Artwork, New York and Musée Nationwide d’Artwork Moderne, Le Centre Pompidou, Paris. Directly a nonetheless life, a veiled Atelier scene, and a Surrealist distortion of actuality, La fenêtre ouverte is wealthy with private and inventive symbolism.

    Towering within the foreground of this portray are two extremely abstracted figures. On the suitable stands a plaster bust that seems to be a disguised picture of the artist’s nice lover and muse of this time, Marie-Thérèse Walter. The figurative object on the left, an amalgam of toes intersected with an arrow, is claimed to be an abstracted, symbolic illustration of Picasso himself. Two spires of the church of Sainte-Clotilde are identifiable within the background. John Richardson has recommended that this work subsequently depicts the key Left Financial institution residence that Picasso and Marie-Thérèse shared as a hideaway throughout their clandestine relationship.  Within the foreground, a configuration of abstracted objects are depicted in an association paying homage to the artist’s earlier cubist nonetheless lifes.

    Olivier Camu, Deputy Chairman, Impressionist and Fashionable Artwork, Christie’s: “Held in the identical European assortment for half a century, this highly effective and explosively colored portray from the highpoint of Picasso’s Surrealist interval and two years into his clandestine love affair with Marie-Thérèse, represents an excellent fusion of the completely different passions and inspirations that outlined the artist’s life on the finish of the Nineteen Twenties. Relishing the key nature of their romance, Picasso couldn’t assist however embrace his lover’s presence within the type of the plaster bust on this portray. Marie-Thérèse’s presence in Picasso’s life reinvigorated each space of his work, her statuesque kind and radiant magnificence, in addition to her youthful, carefree sensibility inspiring the artist to create works that stand because the most interesting of his profession. This metamorphosised, cryptically coded work stands as an enchanting self-portrait of Picasso and his golden haired muse, which we’re thrilled to current to the marketplace for the primary time as a serious spotlight of the 21st version of The Artwork of the Surreal Night Sale.”

    Though Marie-Thérèse was but to emerge in full kind within the artist’s work –  this is able to not occur till he created the sentinel-like plaster busts within the spring of 1931 – her profile and sweep of hair are immediately identifiable in La fenêtre ouverte . Her presence within the artist’s life and artwork was at this level secret, nevertheless, the enduring visible idiom which Picasso developed in his portrayals of her, in profile, and with the luminous white visage, are already current.

    Picasso selected to incorporate La fenêtre ouverte in his landmark 1932 retrospective, first held on the Galerie Georges Petit, Paris, from June to July, earlier than shifting to the Kunsthaus Zurich, in September to October. The portray was additionally included in The Museum of Fashionable Artwork, New York’s seminal survey exhibition, ‘Dada, Surrealism & Their Heritage’ in 1968. 

    Picasso’s La fenêtre ouverte can be on view in New York from 4 to eight February 2022 and in Hong Kong from 15 to 17 February 2022 earlier than being exhibited in London from 23 February to 1 March 2022.Within the yr that marks the centenary of the artist’s beginning, Christie’s will provide Lucian Freud’s masterpiece of frank, tender commentary, 

  • La fenêtre ouverteis a uncommon instance from Picasso’s Surrealist interval, which can spotlight the 21st version of The Artwork of the Surreal Night Sale .

  • Held in the identical European assortment for half a century, this portray is a surreal depiction of Picasso and his nice muse Marie-Thérèse Walter

  • Christie’s continues to determine cultural dialogues between main worldwide artwork hubs, launching the important thing 20/21 Marquee Weeks with 20/21 Shanghai to London sale sequence

  • The sale sequence will incorporate Twentieth / twenty first Century: Shanghai Night Sale, Twentieth / twenty first Century: London Night Sale and The Artwork of the Surreal Night Sale

Property of a Distinguished American Collector
PABLO PICASSO (1881-1973)
Mousquetaire à la pipe II 
signed ‘Picasso’ (higher proper); dated and numbered ‘5.11.68. II’ (on the reverse)
oil and Ripolin on canvas
57 1/2 x 38 in. (146 x 96.5 cm.) Painted on 5 November 1968
Estimate on Request

Christie’s 20th Century Artwork Night Sale in New York can be highlighted by Pablo Picasso’sMousquetaire à la pipe, 5 November 1968 (Estimate on request; within the area of $30,000,000).  A number one instance of the musketeer sequence that got here to be extremely definitive of the artist’s late profession, this work is outstanding for its inventiveness and selection, its vibrant palette and wealthy brushwork, dynamism, and overwhelming joie de vivre.

Max Carter, Worldwide Director and Head of Christie’s Impressionist and Fashionable Artwork Division, remarked: “In 1968, whereas a lot of the world seemed anxiously on the future, Picasso, then in his 88th yr, harnessed the glories of the previous to create his grand, culminant sequence of musketeers. This November we’re honored to supply Mousquetaire á la pipe II, one among its excellent examples, by no means earlier than seen at public sale, main an array of works throughout the grasp’s profession.”

Painted on 5 November 1968, Mousquetaire à la pipe is among the many most spectacular of the good Musketeer sequence. Throughout a interval of convalescence in late 1965, Picasso started to re-read quite a lot of literary classics—together with Alexandre Dumas’ The Three Musketeers. By spring of 1966, the story had taken up residence within the artist’s psyche, and because the following yr started, the determine of the musketeer had successfully entered Picasso’s repertoire. Half historic and half fantastical, the musketeer figures have been vessels via which the artist portrayed himself. Additionally they communicate to the shut dialogue that Picasso had entered into with Rembrandt; all through the Sixties he got here to more and more recognized with the Dutch artist, who was additionally keen on inserting himself in varied guises into his work. Picasso’s 1968 group of musketeer work marks the height of Picasso’s curiosity on this topic, and throughout the fall of this yr he produced the best examples of the style.

That is one among two musketeer work that Picasso painted on 5 November 1968; the opposite instance is within the assortment of the Museum Sammlung Rosengart, Luzern. A putting duo, each characteristic figures with tight curls, beards, and pictured with a pipe. The instance on provide portrays a musketeer with a notably grandiose presence, greater than filling the close to five-foot canvas to tower above the viewer. Simply as he had accomplished all through his profession with the determine of the harlequin and the minotaur, Picasso used the musketeer determine as a manner of visualizing a heroic stance in life, to affirm his potential—via wit, ability, and creativity—to stay grasp of his destiny throughout this remaining stage of his life.

Property from The Stella Assortment

Pablo Picasso (1881-1973)

Femme accroupie en costume turc (Jacqueline)

oil on canvas

36 ¼ x 28 ¾ in. (92 x 73 cm.)

Painted in 1955

Estimate: $20 million – $30 million

Pablo Picasso’s Femme accroupie en costume turc (Jacqueline), 1955 (estimate: $20 million – $30 million), is a masterpiece that has remained in a personal and necessary assortment of a single household for 3 generations, since 1957 – simply two years after its creation. The work was initially bought by a collector who developed private relationships with main up to date artists beginning within the Fifties. The gathering consists of works by Picasso, Joan Miró, Marc Chagall, Henri Matisse, Georges Braque and Max Ernst, amongst others, which have been acquired both instantly from the artists or via the preeminent gallerists of the time similar to Daniel-Henry Kahnweiler and Galerie Maeght, and subsequently saved in the identical household for 3 generations.

Picasso’s highly effective portrait depicts Jacqueline Roque, the ultimate nice love and muse of the artist’s life. It’s among the many most radical depictions from an necessary sequence of 11 seated portraits of Jacqueline that developed out of Picasso’s landmark sequence, Les femmes d’Alger (based mostly on the eponymous Delacroix masterpiece), thought of his single best achievement after World Warfare II. Right here Picasso honed in on the frontal, seated determine that emerged within the culminating Femme d’Alger works. Clearly in awe of his putting new muse, he has remodeled her right into a majestically seated odalisque, rendered in an elaborate mixture of strains, patterns, and jewel-like shade. In a nod to his buddy and rival Henri Matisse, who had handed away only one yr prior in 1954, Picasso approaches the canvas with a distinctly Matissean fashion, using costume and ornament as a manner of evoking the seductive fantasy of Orientalism, and utilizing sample as a option to experiment with pictorial building.

Vanessa Fusco, Senior Specialist and Co-Head of 20th Century Artwork Night Sale feedback, The Stella Assortment was assembled by a passionate and educated collector, whose relationship with the artists and their major sellers of the time meant that he was in a position to purchase distinctive examples of their work. Main the gathering is Picasso’s Femme accroupie en costume turc (Jacqueline), a strikingly trendy remedy of the seated determine developed out of the artist’s seminal sequence Les femmes d’Alger, in dialogue with Delacroix. The portray was lent by the household to the artist’s seminal 1957 exhibition at The Museum of Fashionable Artwork in New York on the event of Picasso’s 75th birthday, and it’s an honor to carry it again to into the general public realm so many a long time later.

Femme accroupie en costume turc (Jacqueline) was painted in Picasso’s new residence, the spacious nineteenth-century villa referred to as La Californie, which ignored Cannes. Presently, Picasso’s fame was such that he had couldn’t transfer via Paris with out drawing crowds. Picasso first met Jacqueline in 1952. On the time, he was nonetheless residing with Françoise Gilot; Jacqueline was working as a gross sales assistant at a ceramics studio at which he would continuously work. By 1954, Picasso’s relationship with Françoise had ended and the 2 have been a pair. They might stay collectively till the artist’s dying at age 91


LAS VEGAS and NEW YORK – August 11, 2021 – Coinciding with Pablo Picasso’s 140th birthday this October, MGM Resorts and Sotheby’s will current a particular, first-of-its-kind marquee Night Sale of masterworks by the enduring artist from the MGM Resorts Fantastic Artwork Assortment. The public sale of works by Picasso, which can be performed reside from Bellagio on Saturday, October 23, marks the most important and most vital wonderful artwork public sale to ever happen in Las Vegas, and comes as MGM Resorts, the world-renowned leisure firm, reshapes its public wonderful artwork portfolio, deepening its concentrate on variety and inclusion.

The distinctive collaboration between Sotheby’s and MGM represents the primary time Sotheby’s has hosted a marquee Night Sale in North America exterior its signature New York public sale venue, and can characteristic a recreated model of the public sale home’s storied saleroom in Las Vegas. As a Marquee Public sale, Sotheby’s additionally will broadcast the sale world wide through a livestream viewable on Pre-sale exhibitions of the total number of works to be supplied at public sale will happen at Sotheby’s New York galleries (September 7 – 13) and on the Bellagio Gallery of Fantastic Artwork (October 21- 23) in Las Vegas, with touring exhibitions of choose highlights deliberate for Taipei (September 17 – 18) and Hong Kong (October 7 – 11). All exhibitions are complimentary and open to the general public.

Accompanying the public sale is a four-day exhibition of luxurious property specifically curated by Sotheby’s, which can be on view at MGM’s ARIA resort October 21-24. The exhibition will characteristic a number of the world’s most interesting luxurious objects, together with vehicles, jewellery and watches, purses, sneakers, and way more. Property from the exhibition can be bought at public sale at Sotheby’s New York on the finish of October, along with being out there for bidding on-line at and through the Sotheby’s app. Additional particulars in regards to the luxurious showcase at ARIA and the public sale at Sotheby’s can be launched within the coming weeks.

“It’s an honor to collaborate with Sotheby’s to carry this first-of-its-kind artwork and leisure expertise to Las Vegas and embark on this momentous public sale,” mentioned Ari Kastrati, MGM Resorts’ Chief Hospitality Officer. “We welcome tens of millions of holiday makers from world wide yearly all through our resorts, giving us an amazing platform for showcasing numerous views inside the artwork neighborhood. Whereas variety has lengthy been in MGM Resorts’ DNA, we’re dedicated to creating an much more inclusive assortment that maintains the breadth of our current portfolio whereas giving a larger voice to artists from under-represented communities.”

Brooke Lampley, Sotheby’s Chairman and Worldwide Head of Gross sales for World Fantastic Artwork, commented: “It’s a privilege to current this exemplary number of works by Picasso from the MGM artwork assortment in a particular public sale to help MGM Resorts in evolving their assortment to symbolize a broader and extra numerous group of artists. MGM Resorts is a world-class leisure and hospitality model recognized for bringing the best experiences to their clientele, and we can not wait to work collectively to carry the magic of a Sotheby’s Night Sale to Las Vegas for the primary time. As probably the most well-known, beloved and completed artists of all time, we couldn’t think about anybody higher than Picasso to inaugurate this distinctive artwork and tradition expertise.”

Picasso: Masterworks from the MGM Resorts Fantastic Artwork Assortment

That includes 11 works that showcase the vary and breadth of Pablo Picasso’s celebrated profession, the public sale features a extremely curated number of work, works on paper, and ceramics that span greater than 50 years of inventive output from 1917 to 1969. The public sale stars Femme au béret rouge-orange (estimate $20/30 million), one among Picasso’s defining portraits of Marie-Thérèse Walter, the artist’s famed muse and lover who impressed lots of his most revered and iconic portraits of the Thirties. Executed in 1938, the current portray is one the artist’s remaining works capturing Marie-Thérèse, and marks a pivotal time after Picasso met the photographer Dora Maar, whose visage slowly started to eclipse that of Marie-Thérèse in his work. Picasso’s deeply autobiographical portraits from this era reveal traits of each ladies, and reinforce how exceedingly uncommon work of Marie-Thérèse are from this yr. Adorned along with her signature beret, Picasso’s tender portrait makes use of a yellow and inexperienced palette to intensify Marie-Thérèse’s rounded options, that are attribute of Picasso’s portrayals of her, and additional highlights how a lot the artist coveted this extremely private portray, which he saved in his non-public assortment for many years.








The sale is additional highlighted by two beautiful, large-scale portraits emblematic of the artist’s late interval works: Homme et enfant (estimate $20/30 million) and Buste d’homme (estimate $10/15 million). Painted throughout probably the most impressed and productive intervals of the artist’s life, from January 5, 1969 to February 2, 1970, each works have been included within the monumental 1970 exhibition on the Palais des Papes in Avignon, arguably crucial exhibition of his late profession. Every portray shows Picasso’s meditation on his inventive legacy, each from a private and artwork historic perspective, and showcases the artist persevering with to refine his mastery of portraiture in his remaining years of labor.

Among the many largest work ever executed by Picasso, Homme et enfant encapsulates the artist’s preoccupation together with his life and legacy throughout this late interval of his profession. The 2 figures within the portray, a person and baby, are symbols of Picasso’s inventive legacy as each a youthful man and an artist working towards the top of his profession, in addition to his legacy as a father.

Associated to his Mousquetaires sequence, Buste d’homme displays on the inventive and thematic affect of Outdated Masters like Velazquez and Rembrandt, through which Picasso aligns himself with the monumental painters of historical past.
















Additionally included within the October sale is Nature morte au panier de fruits et aux fleurs (estimate $10/15 million), an excellent, museum-quality nonetheless life painted by Picasso throughout the Nazi occupation of Paris in 1942. Whereas Picasso was barred from exhibiting his work throughout this time, till the historic 1944 Salon d’Automne, often known as the Salon de la Libération, he remained as prolific as ever. With out the chance to current his work publicly, Picasso’s expertise throughout the occupation prompted him to look inward and meditate on life and dying throughout wartime, and his output showcased daring stylistic decisions of muted tones and graphic Cubist-inspired strains that mirrored his introspection. This era is taken into account one of many best and most targeted of Picasso’s famend nonetheless lifes, comparable solely to his earlier Cubist interval.








The sale is rounded out by a number of works on paper, together with a portrait of the commedia dell’arte character Pierrot (estimate $2.5/3.5 million); an extra wartime nonetheless life, Nature morte aux fleurs et au compotier (estimate $6/8 million), painted in Paris in 1943; Aiguière – Visage (estimate $60/80,000), a ceramic pitcher; and way more. Extra particulars in regards to the works being supplied at public sale can be launched within the coming weeks.


Femme assise près d’une fenêtre (Marie-Thérèse)
 oil on canvas

57 ½ x 44 ⅞ in. (146 x 114 cm.)

Painted in Boisgeloup on 30 October 1932

NEW YORK – On 13 Might, Christie’s newly launched 20th Century Night Sale in New York can be highlighted by Pablo Picasso’s Femme assise près d’une fenêtre (Marie-Thérèse), 30 October 1932 (estimate within the area of $55 million). One of many extraordinary sequence of iconic portraits that Picasso painted of his golden-haired muse throughout this landmark yr, this monumental work is among the many most stately and spectacular depictions of Marie-Thérèse that the artist painted.

Vanessa FuscoCo-Head of the 20th Century Night Sale, remarked: “From the defining sequence that launched Marie-Thérèse to the general public eye, Femme assise près d’une fenêtre (Marie-Thérèse) was painted throughout a seminal yr through which Picasso crafted a new pictorial language to depict his muse and lover. This putting, monumental portrait was final seen publicly within the excellent exhibition dedicated to the artist’s “yr of wonders,” Picasso 1932, on the Musée Picasso, Paris and Tate Fashionable, London in 2017-2018. As probably the most ground-breaking and influential artists of the Twentieth Century, it’s only becoming that this distinctive portray will lead the inaugural newly formatted Twentieth Century Artwork Night Sale at Christie’s.

Painted in Boisgeloup on 30 October 1932, Femme assise près d’une fenêtre (Marie-Thérèse) crowns this nice sequence of 1932 masterpieces. By this time, Marie-Thérèse had risen to ascendance in each space of her lover’s output. Within the current work, she has claimed absolute command, an idolized muse now reigning deity-like over the artist and his creation.

Right here, Picasso has introduced Marie-Thérèse as a winged goddess, a modern-day Nike, her head lunar, luminous and sculptural as if carved from marble, and but her physique sensuous and smooth, orbiting round her fiery crimson torso. No extra the languorously reclining nude misplaced in a personal reverie, within the current portrait she is clothed, alert and upright, her omniscient gaze demonstrating that she is in full command of her topics, the artist, her lover, clearly captive to her thrall.

The yr 1932 witnessed the extraordinary outpouring of large-scale, color-filled, rhapsodic depictions of Marie-Thérèse. Having deified her statuesque varieties and classical profile within the nice sequence of plaster busts the yr prior, Picasso allowed the affect of his younger mistress and the bliss through which he discovered himself, fill his portray. Pictured each seated and reclining, this sequence noticed Picasso carry out inventive alchemy with these two revered motifs. With this nice succession of work—which incorporates works similar to Le RêveNude, Inexperienced Leaves, and BustLe Lecture (Musée Picasso, Paris), and Jeune fille devant le miroir (The Museum of Fashionable Artwork, New York) —Picasso reached the peak of his inventive powers. “There is no such thing as a doubt,” William Rubin declared, “that 1932 marks the height of fever-pitch depth and achievement, a yr of rapturous masterpieces that attain a brand new and unfamiliar summit in each his portray and sculpture.

The primary a long time of the 20 th century would change the course of artwork historical past for ever. This treasure-trove from a personal assortment – little recognized and infrequently seen – spans the outstanding interval, telling its story via the main protagonists, from Fernand Léger, Pablo Picasso and Alberto Giacometti to Wassily Kandinsky, Lyonel Feininger and Alexej von Jawlensky. Travelling throughout the continent, the works emphasise the crosscurrents and connections that united Europe, from France to Germany to Britain. Seen collectively, dialogues emerge in regards to the human kind and expertise, and the stability between figuration and abstraction.

Eighteen works can be supplied within the cross-category Night Sale on 28 July, through which distinctive examples of Outdated Masters – together with one of many final self-portraits by Rembrandt in non-public arms – Impressionist and Fashionable artwork, Fashionable British and Modern artwork can be introduced collectively for the primary time.

An extra twenty-four works from this assortment can be supplied within the Impressionist & Fashionable Artwork On-line sale, open for bidding from 20 – 27 July. Previous to the gross sales, the works will go on public view in Sotheby’s New Bond Avenue galleries from 13 July.


Pablo Picasso, Femme endormie, 1931, charcoal on primed canvas (est. £6,000,000 – 9,000,000)

Unseen since 1986 ‘We joked and laughed collectively, so proud of our secret… what it’s wish to be really in love…Then, love is all you want’ – Marie-Thérèse Unseen because it was acquired by the homeowners in 1986 from Galerie Beyeler in Basel, and showing at public sale for the very first time, this tender, intimate portrait of Picasso’s golden muse – Marie-Thérèse Walter – was saved by the artist all his life, testomony to its private nature and the intimacy of the second captured between them. Courting to February 1931, the work depicts a personal second on the very top of their love, when their allconsuming relationship was nonetheless a secret to society. The softness of the black charcoal strains accentuates Marie-Thérèse’s sensuality, with a gentleness that’s not often seen in Picasso’s different portraits.

This absolutely figurative fashion was used solely sometimes by the artist, when depicting these most necessary to him. Right here, along with her options not abstracted, we see Marie-Thérèse completely as Picasso did, sitting by her facet whereas she fell asleep. Past this, the uncommon use of charcoal on canvas versus paper means that he wished to immortalise her and the second. It was only a yr later that Picasso revealed Marie-Thérèse’s really pervasive presence in his artwork, and this famed second was not too long ago celebrated in an acclaimed ‘1932’ exhibition that travelled from Musée Picasso in Paris to the Tate Fashionable in London. Throughout each gross sales, seven works by the artist span his profession from 1905 to 1969, charting Picasso’s never-ending exploration of the human kind as he continuously experimented with completely different media.

Picasso’s sequence of 15 canvases based mostly on Eugène Delacroix’s masterpiece Les femmes d’Alger  in all probability rank as his best achievement within the a long time that adopted the Second World Warfare.

He created them in a burst of exercise between December 1954 and February 1955, assigning every work an figuring out letter, from ‘A’ to ‘O’. On 10 July, the sixth portray within the sequence — Model ‘F’ — will seem at public sale for the primary time, in a trailblazing Christie’s sale referred to as ONE.

He painted it on 17 January 1955, aged 73. Delacroix’s Les femmes d’Alger  had fascinated him for many years. In response to the memoirs of his ex-lover, Françoise Gilot, he would go to the Louvre each month simply to stare at it. When she requested what he considered Delacroix, ‘his eyes narrowed and he mentioned: “That bastard, he’s actually good.”’
It wasn’t till late in Picasso’s profession that he set about his sequence of radical reworkings, although. It was prompted by two occasions in swift succession. One was the arrival in his lifetime of the lady who changed Gilot in his affections, Jacqueline Roque — who he thought seemed uncannily like one of many three odalisques  in Delacroix’s harem scene.
The opposite — a lot sadder — occasion was the dying of his pricey buddy and rival, Henri Matisse, in November 1954. The Frenchman had painted a number of beautiful odalisque figures within the Nineteen Twenties and Thirties, and Picasso now felt impressed to aim his personal. ‘Matisse left his odalisques to me as a legacy,’ he mentioned

Every of Picasso’s 15 canvases is a marvel of invention. What makes Model ‘F’ stand out is the way in which it marks a bridge between the primary section of the sequence (of regular-sized canvases) and the second, remaining section (that includes a lot bigger works).

Model ‘F’ is the culminating image of the primary section, each brilliantly colored and spatially ingenious, a composition so absolutely resolved that Picasso now felt able to sort out greater canvases.

His palette is scorching, comprised principally of saturated crimson and gold tones. The ethereal white passages present in his earlier variations of Les femmes d’Alger  are gone, changed by a dense, expressive weave of Matissean sample and color. Greater than every other portray within the sequence, it conveys the hothouse ambiance of a harem.

The scene is dominated by an odalisque sleeping. She manages each to stretch out throughout the underside of the canvas — pushing up towards a fellow odalisque, who’s smoking, on the left — and prolong her legs vertically in direction of the highest of the canvas on the suitable.

The place Model ‘F’ marked the top of the primary section of Picasso’s Les femmes d’Alger  variations, Version ‘O’ marked the triumphant finish of the second — and the sequence as an entire. In Might 2015, the latter bought at Christie’s in New York for $179.4 million, then the world-record worth for an art work at public sale.

Picasso is credited with reworking the still-life style into an artwork type of limitless symbolic, allegorical or stylistic risk.

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La cafetière (1943, estimate; £1,000,000-1,500,000) is constructed with angular strains and saturated color and was given as a present from Picasso to his lover of the time Marie-Thérèse Walter.  

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Intérieur au pot de fleurs (1953, estimate: £7,000,000-10,000,000) is stuffed with the formal affect of his buddy Henri Matisse, whereas this intriguing inside scene may also be seen to allude to the inside turmoil that characterised the artist’s life right now. Nature morte au chien (1962, estimate: £4,000,000-6,000,000) is a big and playful still-life that not solely presents a glimpse into the non-public world of Pablo Picasso and his idyllic remaining residence, Notre-Dame-de-Vie in Mougins, however encapsulates the abiding themes and stylistic qualities of the artist’s work in what has develop into referred to as his late, nice interval.

Pablo Picasso, Femme assise dans un fauteuil, 1948. Estimate: $5,000,000-7,000,000. Picture courtesy of Phillips.  

Pablo Picasso’s Femme assise dans un fauteuil, a portrait of Françoise Gilot, is among the many most tense and explosive of his meditations on his companions. Portray many photographs of Gilot over their close to decade-long relationship, Picasso’s depictions of her are particular masterworks in their very own proper, uniquely infused with the fervour and jealousy that fueled their relationship. This notion is encapsulated within the current work, with the portrait capturing the complexities Picasso confronted as a person in his sixties residing with a girl in her early twenties. Dated October 24, 1948, Femme assise dans un fauteuil was conceived throughout a very fractious time in Picasso and Gilot’s relationship; she was pregnant with their second baby and Picasso had been away from their residence in Vallauris for an prolonged interval. Within the work, Picasso revisits his earliest iconographic representations of Gilot however reinterprets them in a brand new mild that maybe betrays the difficulties of their relationship at the moment. Gilot was all of the tougher a companion in her refusal to so readily match his caricatured depictions of her as muse, lover, object—she was an artist in her personal proper and in her prime. Final proven publicly virtually twenty years in the past, Femme assise dans un fauteuil has remained in the identical household assortment since circa 1972, one yr previous to the artist’s dying in 1973.

  Pablo Picasso, Homme à la pipe , 1968, oil on canvas (est. £5,500,000 – 7,500,000 / $7,012,500 – 9,562,500) 

Conceived on a grand scale and painted with seemingly limitless vitality and invention within the autumn of 1968 , Homme à la pipe is a putting instance of Picasso’s final burst of creativity . The emphatic swirls of paint that fill the background distinction with the robust verticals of the pipe and chair, creating a robust dynamic inside the composition. Having been purchase d by the current proprietor in 1984, the monumental work has by no means beforehand been supplied at public sale. The musketeer was a key determine, signalling an allusion to the Outdated Masters, and thru that, the artist’s want to color himself into the European inventive canon . In these remaining years, Picasso immersed himself in masterpieces by the likes of Velásquez , Rembrandt , El Greco and Goya – projecting slides b lown as much as a huge scale onto his studio wall . He then included the topics and motifs of artwork historic custom into works which might be profoundly trendy of their spirit and magnificence. Demand for the artist’s late works is now notably robust , with a brand new world report for a Sixties work achieved in Might at Sotheby’s New York, when a portrait of his spouse Jacqueline Roque and their beloved Afghan hound bought for $54.9 million.

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PABLO PICASSO, La Lampe, oil on canvas, Painted in Boisgeloup, 21 January-8 June 1931, $25,000,000-35,000,000.

Christie’s will provide Pablo Picasso’s La Lampe, 1931 ($25-35 million) as a central spotlight of its Night Sale of Impressionist and Fashionable Artwork on 11 November in New York. The golden mild from the lamp’s scarlet flame bares a intently guarded secret, recognized in early 1931 to just a few of Pablo Picasso’s closest mates and his trusted chauffeur. Disenchanted together with his spouse Olga, certainly, having fallen far out of affection from her and the haute bourgeois life-style that she relished, Picasso had been clandestinely seeing, for greater than 4 and a half years, a beautiful blonde mistress 28 years his junior. La Lampe shines on the picture of Marie-Thérèse Walter, whom Picasso showcased right here—in a big, elaborately orchestrated portray, as right this moment one might immediately acknowledge her—for the primary time.

Max Carter, Head of Division, Impressionist and Fashionable Artwork, Christie’s New York, remarked: “Throughout the early Thirties, Picasso’s towering achievements as each painter and sculptor arguably reached their best top and in La Lampe we’ve got one among their most significant and excellent expressions.”
Tan BoDirector, Impressionist and Fashionable Artwork, Christie’s Beijing, continued: “With La Lampe touring to Hong Kong from October 22nd-25th, this masterpiece will as soon as once more be on view to the general public in Asia after 37 years, the place it has not been seen since its first look on the Picasso Intime exhibition in Hong Kong and Seibu in 1981.”

Picasso painted in La Lampe the head of Marie-Thérèse, reworking her candy, compliant nature and putting physicality into the picture of a goddess, his idolized muse, within the type of a head modeled in lily-white plaster, appropriately textured in thickly impastoed oil paint, with the lamp’s yellow mild doubling as her distinctive blonde hair. This head and bust relaxation upon a cloth-covered wood desk, which mimics the looks of a darkish costume with a leaf-form collar displaying a tasteful trace of décolletage. The artist depicted Marie-Thérèse’s profile, dominated by her Grecian nostril, firmly contoured chin, and modish carré plongeant hair fashion, from a half-dozen such volumetric heads and reliefs, which he started modeling within the spring of 1931.

La Lampe was proven in Picasso’s celebrated retrospective on the Grande Salle of the Galeries Georges Petit, along with fourteen of the 1932 work that featured Marie-Thérèse, together with  

 Pablo Picasso. Lying naked on a red cushion (Marie-Therese Walter), 1932

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Nude, Inexperienced Leaves and Bust 

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Le Rêve,

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and Jeune fille devant un miroir.

One might presume that by this time Olga was conscious her husband had taken a lover; after viewing the 1932 present, she may extra clearly however distressfully think about the younger Lady’s look, and even acknowledge her, if perchance they crossed paths.

With the addition of 200 watercolors, drawings, and prints, the Galeries Georges Petit exhibition moved largely intact in September to the Kunsthaus Zürich, thus permitting this venue the consideration of getting mounted Picasso’s first museum retrospective. Wilhelm Hartmann, the Kunsthaus director, put in the works in a chronological presentation, making it a mannequin for all future complete Picasso reveals. La Lampe and Nude, Inexperienced Leaves and Bust, along with different current Marie-Thérèse work seen in Paris, additionally traveled to Zürich. The exhibition was successful, and needed to be prolonged one other two weeks to accommodate the report attendance.

Practically fifty years later, La Lampe once more featured as one of many highlights of Picasso’s landmark retrospective on the Museum of Fashionable Artwork, New York in 1980.

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Picasso’s inspiration in creating the pastel Femme accoudée, 1921 ($10-15 million) – pictured on  proper – was twofold, as he pursued parallel pursuits in issues of topic and magnificence. The sitter is the artist’s spouse Olga, née Khokhlova, whom he met in 1917 whereas she was a number one dancer in Serge Diaghilev’s Les Ballets Russes. They married the next yr, and shortly after took an residence on the rue la Boétie, the brand new epicenter of the Parisian artwork commerce. Gross sales have been making Picasso a rich man. On 4 February 1921, Olga introduced her husband, with a son as his first-born, the only real male inheritor on his facet of the Ruiz-Picasso household. The grateful artist celebrated the occasion in a sequence of maternity drawings and work, whereas additionally honoring Olga as a timeless mannequin of sleek, fruitful femininity in determine work and portraits.

Picasso usually relished the concept of working towards the grain of conference, and contravened “the decision to order” within the aberrant facial and physique proportions he selected to make use of in his classical figures. In Femme accoudée, Picasso subjected Olga’s finely boned Slavic options to delicate rococo distortions, widening the area between her eyes whereas miniaturizing her lips. Current right here, too, as an indicator of Picasso’s classical method, is the obvious enlargement of the sitter’s arms and arms. Such anti-naturalistic elasticity in plastic varieties stems from precedents in Picasso’s earlier figurative types, in addition to his cubist apply, and would prevail all through his subsequent oeuvre.

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Painted on 28 November 1924, Pablo Picasso’s Buste de femme au voile bleu ($8-12 million) –  is among the many final of a sequence of stylish and hauntingly enigmatic neoclassical portraits that the artist painted throughout the early years of the last decade. The sitter’s darkish hair, pensive, melancholy gaze, and wonderful, flawlessly chiseled options instantly bespeak the presence and character of Olga Khokhlova. This portray showcases the culminating, delicate energy of expression that Picasso might summon forth whereas working within the urbane and coolly sensual fashion of portraiture Olga had impressed in his work. Inside months, the artist’s decade-long fascination with classicism would give option to an completely transformative immersion within the convulsive depth of the surrealist revolution.

In its November 11 Night Sale of Impressionist and Fashionable Artwork, Christie’s will provide Property from the Sam Rose and Julie Walters Assortment, comprising a collection of 4 works by Pablo Picasso representing the artist’s muses, Marie-Thérèse Walter, Dora Maar, Françoise Gilot and Jacqueline Roque. Collectively, the gathering is predicted to exceed $28 million.

Conor Jordan, Deputy Chairman, Impressionist and Fashionable Artwork, Christie’s, remarked: “As a famous Picasso connoisseur, Sam Rose spent a few years assembling these compelling portraits together with his spouse, Julie Walters. It’s Christie’s privilege to current these 4 fantastic works on their behalf. Picasso’s promethean artistic drive was impressed by one ingredient above all others – the lady in his life. From the lyrical eroticism of the years of Marie-Thérèse eclipsed in flip by the tumultuous period of Dora, after which the vernal rebirth of Françoise’s presence, via to Jacqueline’s classical, watchful aura, this suite of works shines a wonderful mild on Picasso’s artwork and traces its progress over twenty-five years of innovation.”

Throughout greater than half a century, Rose has ascended to one among America’s most outstanding actual property builders, celebrated not just for his enterprise acumen, however his perception in giving again to the neighborhood. Rose and his spouse, Julie Walters, have dedicated themselves to empowering others—a generosity of spirit embodied within the couple’s assortment of wonderful artwork. Of their a few years of accumulating, Rose and Walters have come to amass a blinding number of examples of wonderful artwork by among the best names of Fashionable, Submit-Warfare, Modern, and American artwork. This dedication to the humanities included Rose’s tenure as a trustee of the Smithsonian American Artwork Museum, the place the couple’s assortment was proven within the 2015–2016 exhibition Crosscurrents: Fashionable Artwork from the Sam Rose and Julie Walters Assortment.

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Main the gathering is Femme au béret orange et au col de fourrure (Marie‐Thérèse), 4 December 1937 ($15,000,000 – 20,000,000). The younger blonde girl featured is distinctly Marie-Thérèse Walter, Picasso’s clandestine mistress and the mom of his second baby, Maya.

“Marie-Thérèse incarnated a wild magnificence, a sporty and wholesome stunning plant,” Brigitte Léal has written. All the time attentive to his muse’s explicit style in apparel, and the way it characterised her, Picasso has flattered Marie-Thérèse in a stylishly cosmopolitan scooped-neck costume trimmed with fur, whereas fortunately exploiting a extra informal however crowning accent within the form of a jaunty crimson plaid beret, which he used to intensify her lavender-pink complexion and signature golden shoulder-length tresses.

Françoise Gilot, Picasso’s later mistress from 1943 and mom to 2 of his youngsters, in addition to the topic of a rhapsodic portrait within the current assortment, had occasional contact with Marie-Thérèse throughout the post-war interval.

From these observations and conversations with Picasso, Françoise in her memoir Life with Picasso revealed the primary invaluable insights into the robust enchantment that Marie-Thérèse as soon as held for Picasso:

“She grew to become the luminous dream of youth, all the time within the background however all the time inside attain, that nourished his work. The flight of a chicken symbolized for him the liberty of their relationship. And over a interval of eight years her picture discovered its manner into an ideal physique of his work in portray, drawing, sculpture and engraving… Marie-Thérèse introduced an ideal deal to Pablo within the sense that her bodily kind demanded recognition. She was an impressive mannequin.”

 Pablo Picasso, Buste de femme (Dora Maar) 28 March 1939, oil on panel. Estimate: $5,000,000 – 8,000,000. © Christie’s Photographs Restricted 2018.

Following Marie-Thérèse, was Dora Maar, who’s depicted in Buste de femme (Dora Maar) painted on 28 March 1939 ($5,000,000 – 8,000,000). Picasso continued to change and reshape Dora’s visage in new, astonishing and difficult methods, which Dora neither protested nor resisted, assuming a task that she accepted virtually masochistically.

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Dora had already accomplished service two years earlier because the Weeping Lady quickly after Picasso painted Guernica.

Within the current portray she widens her eyes—within the shapes of glowing crimson cherries—as if mesmerized, staring within the face a problem far larger than any she has ever recognized, a transparent and current hazard, and extra of the identical within the distant form of issues to come back. Picasso had already made Dora his trendy Sybil, using her as a silent oracular presence whose facial features of inside misery bespeaks her prophecy. Dora would stay the central, defining presence in Picasso’s wartime work.

Picasso painted his second spouse Jacqueline about as usually as he portrayed Dora. Jacqueline represented for the artist a type of atavistic, Mediterranean ideally suited, darkish and intense. The brand new fashion with which he introduced her was marked by irrepressible vitality and liberated dealing with of paint. She was his remaining muse who oversaw the late, nice Indian summer time of his profession.

‘It’s Jacqueline’s picture that dominates Picasso’s work from 1954 till his dying, longer than any of the ladies who preceded her,’ noticed Picasso’s biographer, John Richardson. ‘It’s her physique that we’re in a position to discover extra exhaustively and extra intimately than every other physique within the historical past of artwork.’

 Pablo Picasso, Buste de femme de profil. Femme écrivant, signed Picasso (higher left), oil on canvas, 116.2 by 73.7cm., 45¾ by 29in. Painted in April 1932. Estimate upon request. Courtesy Sotheby’s.


 Painted throughout  Pablo  Picasso’s ‘yr of wonders’, this monumental , but  remarkably tender and intimate , portray o f Marie -Thérèse absorbed within the act of writing evoke s  a personal second from the artist’s clandestine relationship together with his  most beloved muse. Awake  or asleep, writing or studying, Marie -Thérèse seems in manifold guises  all through Picasso’s  oeuvre . On this portray , Picasso focu ses on her innocence and youthfulness, depicting her  serenely penning her ideas. 

Showing at public sale for the primary time in over twenty years ,  Buste  de femme de profil. Femme écrivant will spotlight Sotheby’s Impressionist & Fashionable Artwork Night  Sale in London on 19 June 2018.  

 On this portray, Marie -Thérèse’s unmistakeable profile and sweep of blonde hair are silhouetted  in entrance of a window on the Château de Boisgeloup, the grand home exterior of Paris acquired by  Picasso in 1930. Her sensual curves are echoed by the subtle inexperienced mild emanating fr om the  gardens past the window – the deliberate juxtaposition of the horizontals and verticals of the  window body with the smooth curves of her physique masterfully emphasising her kind. The palette is  attribute of Picasso’s key depictions of Marie -Thérèse throughout this yr. The composition  recollects each his celebrated Cubist work and the sequence of monumental sculpted heads that he  created in 1931, once more impressed by Marie -Thérèse . It’s the depth and keenness of the work  from 1932 that mark them out as distinctive amongst the artist’s work.   

Marie -Thérèse Walter entered Picasso’s life sooner or later in January 1927, capturing his consideration at  first sight on the streets of Paris at a time when his turbulent relationship together with his spouse Olga was  floundering. An intensely  passionate  – and creatively inspiring – relationship,  this opportunity assembly  with  Marie -Thérèse  galvanised his life and artwork . She shortly grew to become a supply of artistic inspiration  and veiled references to her seem in his artwork from that time on. Nevertheless, it was solely 5 years  later in 1932 – following a landmark exhibition at Galerie Georges Petit , Paris – that the artist  introduced  Marie -Thérèse as a rare presence in his life and artwork via his work.  

 Picasso virtually by no means painted his muses from life, his depictions being impressed by the reminiscence of  them and the metamorphic energy of his erotic creativeness. With Marie -Thérèse  particularly,  the artist’s inspiration reached fever pitch within the lengthy intervals they have been pressured to spend aside.  Right here, he evokes her in a quietly contemplative temper – maybe  picturing her  lover  as she writes .   

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Pablo Picasso,Femme dans un fauteuil, 1942, Estimate on Request 

Pablo Picasso’s Femme dans un fauteuil of 1942,  can be a number one spotlight of Christie’s Impressionist and Fashionable Artwork Night Saleon 20 June 2018. One in every of a serious sequence of full-scale portraits, painted throughout the struggle, Femme dans un fauteuil depicts Picasso’s nice muse of the interval Dora Maar, the surrealist photographer and painter. 

Dora introduced nice color, magnificence and vivacity into Picasso’s life throughout the difficultperiods of the Spanish Civil Warfare and the German occupation of Paris. Dora Maar’s presence in Picasso’s life,from the second they met in 1935 till the time their relationship ended round 1945, impressed among the best portraits of the artist’s prolific profession. Femme dans un fauteuil remained within the artist’s assortment till his dying when it handed toJacqueline Picasso and was ultimately bought via the company of Picasso’s supplier, Galerie Louise Leiris in Paris.It’s a portray that has been not often exhibited having remained within the artist’s household for a few years. It was first proven in an exhibition of Jacqueline Picasso’s assortment in 1986 and has largely disappeared from public view since that point. 

The portray can be exhibited inHong Kong from 25to 28May and in London from 15to 20June 2018 earlier than its sale on 20 June at Christie’s King Avenue.

Among the many most extremely labored portraits of Dora that Picasso painted throughout the Second World Warfare, Femme dans un fauteuil options the enduring distortions which dominated his visions of his raven-haired muse and is notable for its strikingly stunning colors and the dynamic manner through which Picasso has described the sitter’s physique. Most of the best depictions of Dora of the Forties share the colourful colors and dynamism of the current portray and it’s maybe for that reason that it was saved within the Picasso household for therefore a few years.What’s most uncommon in regards to the work is that it has been so not often exhibited.

Created in April 1942, Femme dans un fauteuil was executed while Picasso wasliving in occupied Paris. Though he had obtained presents of sanctuary from mates in the US and Mexico on the outbreak of the battle, Picasso selected to stay in France, residing a quiet life in his studio at 7 rues des Grands-Augustins. 

Labelled a ‘degenerate’ artist throughout the Nazi marketing campaign towards trendy artwork, the artist’s presence within the metropolis didn’t go unnoticed by the German forces. Whereas he was allowed to proceed to work, Picasso was forbidden from exhibiting any of his artwork publicly. He remained underneath shut and fixed commentary by the Gestapo, and his studio was visited on quite a lot of events, throughout which he was questioned as to the whereabouts of mates and former colleagues now in hiding.

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Pablo Picasso (1881-1973), L’Atelier, painted in Cannes, 24 October 1955. Oil on canvas, 74¾ x 31⅜ in (189.8 x 79.7 cm). Estimate: $5,000,000-7,000,000.

 Pablo Picasso’s L’Atelier, dated 28 October 1955, brims with sundry accoutrements of the artist’s career.

This choc-a-bloc studio stock is the fourth and most elaborate of the eleven Atelier canvases that Picasso painted between 23 and 31 October 1955:

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The painted ceramic Tête de femme, 1953 (Musée Picasso, Paris) represents the basic studio encounter between artist and mannequin.

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The centerpiece of the Sotheby’s Might 14 Impressionist and Fashionable Artwork Night Sale in New York  can be Le Repos.

 Pablo Picasso’s “Femme au Béret et à la Gown Quadrillée (Marie-Thérèse Walter)” from 1937 was the prize piece within the Sotheby’s sale. 2018 Property of Pablo Picasso/Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York; Sotheby’s

Like Femme au Béret, this beautiful masterwork from 1932—estimated to promote from $25–35 million—is a portrait of the Spaniard’s muse, Marie-Thérèse Walter, Picasso’s so-called “golden muse,” and in line with Sotheby’s Simon Shaw, “arguably the love of his life.”

This spring, Christie’s will provide


Pablo Picasso’s Le Marin, 28 October 1943 (estimate upon request), within the Might 15 Night Sale of Impressionist and Fashionable Artwork. Executed on the top of Occupation, Le Marin, well known as Picasso himself, clad in his iconic striped fisherman’s jersey, presents probably the most profound and revealing views into the artist’s wartime psyche.

Adrien Meyer, Co-Chairman, Impressionist and Fashionable Artwork, Christie’s New York, remarked: “From the depth and energy of expression to his striped Breton shirt, Le Marin is an awfully vivid portrait of the artist. We’re delighted to debut this outstanding picture in Hong Kong, which is such an integral area to the burgeoning marketplace for the artist. Painted at Picasso and western civilization’s lowest ebb in World Warfare II, Le Marin is artwork historical past and Twentieth-century historical past writ massive. That Le Marin as soon as hung within the legendary assortment of Victor and Sally Ganz, makes this image all of the extra distinctive.”

Le Marin final appeared at public sale in 1997, as a part of the legendary sale of the Assortment of Victor and Sally Ganz. Over their lifetime collectively, Victor and Sally Ganz assembled what remains to be probably the most celebrated collections of the Twentieth Century. “All in all, he was the perfect collector we had…” remarked Leo Castelli, “For anybody who desires to know this era, they need to have a look at Victor and apply his classes.” 

Prominently hung of their Manhattan front room, Le Marin was bought by Victor Ganz for $11,000 in 1952 from the writer Harry Abrams. It was Picasso’s solely male picture within the Ganz Assortment.

In response to his personal testimony, 

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Picasso’s earlier 1938 portrait of Maya in a sailor swimsuit (gifted after the artist’s dying to the Museum of Fashionable Artwork, New York) can be a self-portrait. This portray, like the current image, was initially titled Le Marin. Jerome Seckler, who interviewed Picasso, recounted their dialogue of that portrait:

I described my interpretation of his portray, Le Marin, which I had seen on the Liberation Salon. I mentioned I believed it to be a self-portrait… He listened intently and at last mentioned, “Sure, it’s me, however I didn’t imply it to have any political significance in any respect.”

I requested why he painted himself as a sailor. “As a result of,” he answered, “I all the time put on a sailor shirt. See?” He opened up his shirt and pulled his underwear—it was white with blue stripes!
Created solely weeks after essentially the most harmful disaster Picasso confronted in World Warfare II, Le Marin displays the artist’s emotional and psychological misery. In 1944 Picasso mentioned, “I’ve little question that the struggle is within the work I’ve accomplished.” Maybe no portray which he made throughout the Occupation extra instantly conveys this sense than Le Marin.

On the outbreak of the struggle Picasso elected to remain in France, regardless of presents to maneuver to Mexico and the US, expressing on the time that “Most definitely, it isn’t a time for a artistic man to fail, to shrink or to cease working”.

Though Picasso was a Spanish citizen, the choice to remain in France required quite a lot of braveness. Because the painter of Guernica, he was an internationally acknowledged anti-fascist. In a speech, Hitler had denounced him by identify. German brokers frequently visited his studio looking for incriminating proof, throughout which they insulted him and destroyed his work.
It was beforehand thought that these threats by no means rose above the extent of harassment. Nevertheless, a letter discovered within the Archive Picasso, dated September 16, 1943 – simply 5 weeks earlier than he painted Le Marin – demonstrated that the Nazis deliberate to deport Picasso to a focus camp.

Picasso was saved solely by the intervention of mates, Dubois and Cocteau, and particularly by Arno Breker, Hitler’s favourite sculptor, who spoke to Hitler on the artist’s behalf. Different individuals in Picasso’s circle weren’t so fortunate. Max Jacob, who had been one among Picasso’s closest mates, was deported to a focus camp within the spring of 1944 and died there. That August, the Allies would liberate Paris.

Estimated within the area of $70 million, this masterpiece of the Second World Warfare is about to understand one of many 5 highest costs for the artist at public sale.

Monumental in scale, extremely charged and painted in vivid colors, Le Matador is the fruits of a life-long obsession of Picasso’s that remained probably the most necessary themes all through his profession.

Pablo Picasso, Le Matador, oil on canvas, painted on 23 October 1970 (est. £14,000,000-18,000,000). Courtesy Sotheby’s.

The portray is a superb show of the virtuosity with which Picasso mixed the complicated components that had formed his life and artwork and stands as a defiant tribute to the heroic determine of the matador – embodying the artist’s personal Andalusian machismo because the grasp of recent artwork takes centre-stage within the area. Picasso had begun to really feel that his time on this earth was operating out, and so engaged in fixed dialog with the good masters earlier than him – Goya, Velasquez and Delacroix – following the traditions they’d set with the intention to reinvent them and make an enduring mark. Showing at public sale for the primary time, the work has been unveiled in Taipei and New York, earlier than it’s proven within the preview in London and supplied in Sotheby’s Impressionist & Fashionable Artwork Night Sale on 28 February 2018.

Helena Newman, World Co-Head of Sotheby’s Impressionist & Fashionable Artwork Division & Chairman of Sotheby’s Europe, mentioned:

‘This highly effective portrait exemplifies Picasso’s artistic drive in his remaining years and represents the fruits of a life-long obsession. By means of the topic of the bullfight, Picasso explores the theme of life and dying, creation and destruction, earth and solar, casting himself on the centre stage of the spectacle. We’re thrilled to be presenting two prime examples of works by Picasso at his best possible in a single sale – Le Matador and Femme au béret et à la gown quadrillée (Marie-Thérèse Walter) – each from key intervals of the artist’s profession.’ The bullfight grew to become an emblem for essentially the most public show of violence, bravery and skill and for Picasso its attraction definitely lay in its highly effective contradictions: grace and brutality, leisure and tragedy, and in the end, life and dying. This work is exclusive in conveying a human dimension that’s missing in lots of the earlier depictions, with the matador’s stylised face and enormous, vast open eyes revealing a vulnerability and sense of mortality that replicate the artist’s personal issues.

Not like his different depictions of the matador from this era the place the determine is depicted towards a plain, monochrome background, this portray uniquely combines the picture of the matador resplendent in an elaborate costume with that of the world. The decrease half of the background represents the sand of the bullfighting ring, with a whole lot of spectators within the higher half.

The expertise of being taken to the bullring by his father on the age of eight had a powerful impression on Picasso, and his first portray, Le petit picador jaune, was of a matador on a horse within the area noticed by the spectators behind him. It’s all the extra becoming that on the finish of his life, he returned to the celebrated imagery of the bullfights that he had grown up watching. Regardless of leaving Spain to reside in Paris in his youth, Picasso retained a way of Spanish identification, and the matador was the character that allowed him to attract consideration to his heritage. Over the past years of the nineteenth century Picasso stayed in Madrid, the place he copied the outdated masters on the Prado, and was little question influenced by Goya’s bullfighting scenes. Picasso’s private recollections grew to become intertwined together with his inventive heritage, and on this remaining sequence of matador portraits the ghost of Goya is strongly current.

Le Matador was included within the exhibition of Picasso’s final nice works, organised by Jacqueline on the Palais des Papes in Avignon shortly after the artist’s dying in 1973 – presenting the closing interval of his oeuvre on the historic partitions of probably the most necessary medieval Gothic buildings in Europe.

A Pablo Picasso portray depicting his muse Marie-Therese Walter with future lover Dora Maar rising from the shadows behind is predicted to fetch an eye-watering sum at a London sale subsequent week.

The 1937 “Femme au Beret et a la Gown Quadrillee (Marie-Therese Walter)” is predicted to succeed in $50 million (40 million euros) at a sale of Impressionist, Surrealist and Fashionable Artwork at prestigious London public sale home Sotheby’s on Wednesday.

It comes from a key period in Picasso’s profession, 1937, when he makes the good portray ‘Guernica’,” he added, referring to the masterpiece which portrayed the horrors of the Nazi bombardment of a Basque metropolis throughout the Spanish civil struggle.

The portray additionally has a powerful autobiographical enchantment. The principle topic of the piece, Marie-Therese Walter, was the Spanish painter’s very long time lover and muse. However the looming determine of Dora Maar, whom he met in 1936, emerges within the shadows behind Marie-Therese.

Phillips to Provide Landmark Pablo Picasso Portray Sleeping Nude to be Included within the Twentieth Century & Modern Artwork Night Public sale in London in March 2018

‘The day I met Marie-Thérèse I realised that I had earlier than me what I had all the time been dreaming about.’ – Pablo Picasso

Phillips has introduced that Pablo Picasso’s monumental Sleeping Nude can be bought because the centerpiece of Phillips’ Twentieth Century & Modern Artwork Night Sale in London in March 2018. This extraordinary large-scale portrait of Picasso’s muse, Marie-Thérèse Walter, was executed in 1932 and remained in Picasso’s personal assortment till the top of his life, when it was inherited by his widow, Jacqueline Roque, and subsequently by her daughter. Sleeping Nude is emblematic of an iconic interval of Picasso’s oeuvre that was formed by his devotion to Marie-Thérèse. The work was acquired in 1995 by the current proprietor, a European non-public collector. It is going to be on view at Phillips’ New York from 3 November, and Hong Kong from 23 November 2017.

Hugues Joffre, Senior Advisor to the CEO, mentioned: “ ‘Sleeping Nude’ depicts one among Picasso’s best muses: Marie-Thérèse Walter. Towards a background of frenzied strains, Picasso has painted Marie-Thérèse’s physique via a sequence of swooping curves, hinting at his fascination along with her sensuous physique. This work, executed throughout an necessary artistic surge in 1932, exemplifies the sinuous, sensual fashion of portray that gave option to a string of masterpieces that are actually housed in museum collections all through the world. 1932, and Marie-Thérèse are the present focus of a serious exhibition on the Musée Picasso, Paris; ‘Picasso 1932. Année érotique’, which can then journey to Tate Fashionable, London within the Spring of 2018. In response to the stable and constant demand for necessary Twentieth century artwork, Phillips will provide chosen works from this era, and as such we’re delighted to current ‘Sleeping Nude’ because the star lot of our March Night Sale.”

‘I’m Picasso! You and I are going to do nice issues collectively.’ – Pablo Picasso to Marie-Thérèse Walter, 8 January 1927

Picasso met Marie-Thérèse on 8 January 1927, having been so struck by her magnificence and youthful vitality that he approached her exterior the Galeries Lafayette. Marie-Thérèse was initially blind to Picasso’s identification and movie star, however quickly fell underneath his spell, embarking on a years-long affair with the artist. This might encourage what John Richardson has described as Picasso’s ‘most revolutionary interval since Cubism.’

Throughout the first few months of 1932 Picasso painted a string of masterpieces depicting Marie-Thérèse, together with Sleeping Nude. One in every of Picasso’s most recognised works from January that yr, painted solely weeks earlier than Sleeping Nude, is Le Rêve, previously owned by Steve Wynn and now within the assortment of Steve Cohen. Different iconic works from this identical interval embrace Le miroir, Femme nue, feuilles et buste, which is now on long-term mortgage to Tate Fashionable, London, and Jeune fille devant un miroir, painted the day after Sleeping Nude and now within the Museum of Fashionable Artwork, New York. this array of works, all created inside a matter of weeks, it isn’t shocking to search out that 1932 is described as Picasso’s Annus Mirabilis.

Sleeping Nude is all of the extra distinguished due to its fusion of portray and drawing. The stained-glass-like strains that featured in lots of Picasso’s work from the time are right here proven towards a backdrop stuffed with charcoal pentimenti. They add an virtually Cubist dimension to Sleeping Nude, displaying Marie-Thérèse from quite a lot of angles. The current work is emblematic of the uncommon photos that present Marie-Thérèse sleeping, a topic that introduces an unimaginable sense of intimacy. In Sleeping Nude, the viewer is invited into the very non-public world of affection and want the artist and his lover shared. The seminal works intimately depicting Marie-Thérèse which Picasso created within the early months of 1932, similar to Sleeping Nude, seem to have a good time a launch from the torment of carrying on an affair whereas nonetheless married to his ballerina spouse, Olga Khokhlova.

It’s a tribute to the significance of Sleeping Nude that it has featured in numerous exhibitions and publications, and in addition that it remained in Picasso’s personal assortment till the top of his life. Discussing his incapacity to let go of a few of his best works, Picasso as soon as boasted, or maybe confessed: ‘I’m the best collector of Picassos on this planet.’

Impressionist & Fashionable Artwork Highlights

A Picasso Rose Interval masterpiece, executed in 1905, Fillette à la corbeille fleurie is a spotlight of the gathering (estimate within the area of $70 million)Wealthy in pathos in its depiction of bohemian life on the flip of the 20th century, this uncommon work is a technical tour de drive of draftsmanship and ambiance. The portray maintains a storied provenance; it was acquired in 1905 by brother and sister, Leo and Gertrude Stein, and handed to Alice B. Toklas upon Gertrude’s dying in 1946, the place it remained all through Alice’s lifetime for an additional 21 years. In 1968, David Rockefeller fashioned a gaggle of necessary artwork collectors to accumulate the famend assortment of Gertrude Stein. Drawing slips of numbered paper from a felt hat, David Rockefeller drew the primary choose within the syndicate, and he and Peggy have been in a position to purchase their first selection of the Younger Woman with a Flower Basket, and positioned it within the library of their 65th Avenue New York townhouse.

 Christie’s has introduced 

Pablo Picasso’s Tête de femme (Fernande), the primary main sculpture of the artist’s profession as a number one spotlight of the 20th Century Artwork Night Sale going down this Might at Rockefeller Heart in New York Metropolis (estimate on request; within the area of $30,000,000). One in every of two casts of the work owned by The Metropolitan Museum of Artwork, Tête de femme (Fernande) has been deaccessioned by the Museum; proceeds from the sale can be solely devoted to future acquisitions for the Museum’s assortment.

Marc Porter, Chairman, Christie’s Americas, remarks: “It’s a true privilege for us to companion with The Metropolitan Museum of Artwork on the sale of Picasso’s seminal sculpture Tête de femme(Fernande) to learn future acquisitions for the Museum’s assortment. Created in 1909, this three-dimensional bronze bust, impressed by the artist’s first muse Fernande Olivier, is a uncommon instance, representing a completely essential second within the growth of Picasso’s inventive apply, Cubism, and the artwork historic canon at massive. We’re honored to supply this work in our Twentieth Century Night Sale this spring.” 

Max Carter, Head of Christie’s Impressionist and Fashionable Artwork Division, remarks: Tête de femme (Fernande) is Cubism’s definitive early sculpture. Its revolutionary architectural faceting, which Picasso sliced and sharpened after modeling in clay, suggests Vesalius as a lot because it does Frank Gehry. To supply this terribly wealthy, stunning forged on behalf of The Metropolitan Museum of Artwork is the final word honor.”

Tête de femme (Fernande) stands as an icon of twentieth-century artwork. Executed in clay in 1909, the sculpture marks the fruits of an necessary sequence of painted research of Fernande Olivier, the artist’s first nice love. The work represents a pivotal second within the growth of Cubism, the unconventional motion that overturned centuries-old traditions of artmaking, solely reshaping the event of recent artwork. With Tête de femme (Fernande), Picasso’s intense explorations into the character of pictorial illustration have been synthesized into three-dimensional kind. This idea opened the door to a number of latest potentialities not simply within the medium of sculpture, however of artwork itself, paving the way in which for lots of the developments that will comply with all through the 20 th century.

Taking the distinctive options of his muse, in Tête de femme (Fernande) Picasso reimagined her head and face with a brand new language of faceted varieties. Constructed with a mix of fragmented geometric and organically-shaped planes, the work is stuffed with a way of rhythmic dynamism. Harnessing immaterial ideas of sunshine and area, Picasso created a piece that’s each a figurative portrayal of a girl’s head, whereas on the identical time, an virtually summary configuration of varieties that replicate the sunshine with a continuing evanescence.

Tête de femme (Fernande) was born from an intense interval of artistic manufacturing that Picasso loved over the summer time of 1909. Along with Fernande, the artist traveled to the agricultural Catalonian village Horta de Ebro (now referred to as Horta de Sant Joan) in June, embarking on a interval now acknowledged to be vital within the evolution of his artwork and Cubism as an entire. Worlds other than Paris, Horta and its topography performed a task in inspiring and informing the event of a brand new revolutionary formal language.

There are round 20 recognized casts of Picasso’s Tête de femme (Fernande), nearly all of that are in public establishments together with the Musée Nationwide Picasso, Paris; Nationwide Gallery, Prague; The Artwork Institute of Chicago; The Metropolitan Museum of Artwork, New York; Norton Museum of Artwork, Palm Seaside; Museum of Fashionable Artwork, New York; Kunsthaus Zürich; Museum of Fantastic Arts, Boston; Moderna Museet, Stockholm; Nationwide Gallery of Artwork, Washington, D.C.; Artwork Gallery of Ontario, Toronto; Albright-Knox Artwork Gallery, Buffalo, New York and Portland Artwork Museum, Oregon. 5 of the 9 casts from the later version are additionally positioned in public establishments, together with the Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Backyard, Smithsonian Establishment, Washington, D.C.; Los Angeles Museum of Artwork; Norton Simon Artwork Basis, Pasadena; Stiftung Kulturbesitz, Berlin and Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofia, Madrid. The plasters are on the Nasher Sculpture Heart, Dallas and on long-term mortgage on the Tate, London.

Tête de femme (Fernande) can be on view together with chosen highlights from the 20th Century / 21st Century Night Gross sales in Hong Kong and London earlier than returning to New York, the place it is going to be on exhibition at Christie’s New York forward of the sale in Might.

Sotheby’s will current Pablo Picasso’s Buste de femme au chapeau as a spotlight of their Impressionist & Fashionable Artwork Night Sale in New York on 14 November 2017. Characterised by its vibrant shade palette, sharp angularity and daring kind, the portrait is a salient instance of the Madonna-and-Magdalene dichotomy that manifested in Picasso’s work whereas he was concurrently concerned with two of his best muses: Marie-Thérèse Walter and Dora Maar. This tumultuous time within the artist’s life in flip yielded probably the most groundbreaking and artistic intervals of his oeuvre.

The daring oil portray is being bought to learn charitable organizations together with the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA), and carries a pre-sale estimate of $18/25 million.

The current work illustrates a very turbulent time within the Picasso’s life – his mom died in January 1939, throughout a interval of intense political upheaval all through Europe and notably within the artist’s native Spain. Nevertheless, this era additionally supplied the impetus for a few of Picasso’s most revolutionary stylistic strategies.

Unable to journey to Spain and residing in a rustic dealing with growing stress from Nazi Germany, Picasso maintained relationships with each Marie-Thérèse and Maar. Each of the ladies, markedly completely different of their temperament and bodily look, populated Picasso’s life and his work, and the current work is a powerful manifestation of their shared affect all through his oeuvre. Whereas many attributes of Buste de femme au chapeau level to Marie-Thérèse − the blonde sweep of hair and bright-yet-soft tonalities of the palette − whispers of Maar are additionally mirrored.

In distinction together with his depictions of a extra passive Marie-Thérèse, the current portray is one among Picasso’s most animated, tactile and sculptural renderings of the younger girl. Her determine is punctuated with incisions into the thick paint, including dimension to her options. Maar’s presence seems vis-a-vis the artist’s concentrate on Marie-Thérèse’s hat. Whereas the accent might have been necessary to the sitter on the time, its significance on this portray is elucidated on reflection. Maar was immortalized in Picasso’s portraits because the wearer of trendy hats, and what might have been an flamboyant private merchandise to Marie-Thérèse on the time, turns into a symbolic indicator of her standing because the saintly new mom of Picasso’s daughter, and the antithesis of her new rival.,%20Jacqueline.jpg

Pablo Picasso (1881-1973), Femme accroupie (Jacqueline), Painted on 8 October 1954

Oil on canvas, 57 1/2 x 44 7/8 in. | Estimate: $20-30 million

© 2017 Property of Pablo Picasso / Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York

Christie’s will provide Pablo Picasso’s Femme accroupie (Jacqueline), painted on October 8, 1954 as a central spotlight of its Night Sale of Impressionist and Fashionable Artwork on 13 November in New York. Marking its first time at public sale, Femme accroupie (Jacqueline) comes from a personal assortment, and is estimated to promote for $20-30 million. 

Christie’s World President, Jussi Pylkkanen, remarked, “Jacqueline was a gorgeous girl and one among Picasso’s most elegant muses. This portray of Jacqueline hung in Picasso’s non-public assortment for a few years and has not often been seen in public since 1954. It’s a museum high quality portray on the grand scale which can seize the creativeness of the worldwide artwork market when it’s supplied at Christie’s New York this November.”

The sensible major colours in Femme accroupie (Jacqueline) illustrate a sunny day within the South of France throughout early autumn, 1954. Picasso and Jacqueline Roque, his final paramour and eventual second spouse, had begun residing collectively within the Midi and would quickly return to Paris to reside within the artist’s studio. The current portray is one among three large-easel-format canvases that Picasso painted on October eighth, in a flourish of portraits that commemorate the artist’s new mistress, declaring her newly established satisfaction of place within the artist’s life and work. 

In every of the three October work, Jacqueline is seated on the ground; in a compact, crouching pose, clasping her knees. From an open window behind her, golden mild fills the room. The area is probably going a nook of Picasso’s studio on the rue du Fournas in Vallauris, in a constructing that had beforehand housed a fragrance manufacturing unit, the scents from which nonetheless graced the air. 

Jessica Fertig, Senior Vice President, Head of Night Sale, Christie’s New York, continued, We’re thrilled to be bringing to marketplace for the primary time this highly effective portrait of Picasso’s nice love Jacqueline. Picasso delighted in capturing Jacqueline’s stunning options, right here rendered with a splendidly thick impasto. Picasso launched into his late, nice interval, which his biographer John Richardson succinctly outlined and characterised as “l’époque Jacqueline“—It’s Jacqueline’s picture that dominates Picasso’s work from 1954 till his dying, longer than any of the ladies who preceded her.”

The colour varieties in Femme accroupie (Jacqueline) replicate Picasso’s admiration for Matisse’s distinctive reduce outs. Lower than a month after finishing the current portrait, Matisse, who was the one residing artist whom Picasso acknowledged as his peer, handed away. 

 Les femmes d’Alger, Picasso, version O.jpg

A month after that Picasso commenced work on his painted variations, which might lastly quantity fifteen in all, on Delacroix’s two variations of Les femmes d’Alger. The sequence was ostensibly his tribute to the Delacroix-inspired odalisques of Matisse, to honor the reminiscence of his longtime rival, but additionally an admired buddy. The Femmes d’Alger work are additionally a declaration of affection for Jacqueline. 


 An homage to Delacroix had been on Picasso’s thoughts for greater than a decade, and the appearance of Jacqueline, simply as importantly as the concept of a tribute to Matisse, induced Picasso to undertake his personal sequence of odalisques. Picasso had develop into intrigued at Jacqueline’s resemblance to the odalisque crouching at decrease proper within the Louvre model of Delacroix’s harem scene, whose face is seen in left profile. 

Buste de femme au chapeau - Picasso - 1943

Pablo Picasso’s Portrait de Femme Buste de femme au chapeau (Dora Maar) 

Painted on 28 Might 1943  With its severely simplified, jagged composition, Portrait de Femme is an emblematic portrait of one of many artist’s most influential muses, Dora Maar. Nevertheless, breaking from the wartime stress that always defines Picasso’s portraits of Maar, this canvas additionally encompasses a measure of humor and enjoyment of her likeness. The massive and putting hat worn by the topic, is a definitive ingredient of Picasso’s portraits of Maar. She frequently sported whimsical hats, and Picasso usually utilized them as a symbolic externalization of her inside moods, in addition to a counterbalance to the severity with which he introduced her options. This work can be included within the Impressionist and Fashionable Night Sale on November 13. 

Pablo Picasso, Femme écrivant (Marie-Thérèse) (1934, estimate: £25,000,000-40,000,000), © Succession Picasso/DACS, London 2017

Pablo Picasso’s tender portrait Femme écrivant (Marie-Thérèse) (1934, estimate: £25,000,000-40,000,000) can be a number one spotlight of Christie’s Impressionist & Fashionable Artwork Night Sale, in London on 27 June 2017 as a part of 20th Century at Christie’s, a sequence of gross sales that happen from 17 to 30 June 2017.

Painted on 26 March 1934, Pablo Picasso’s Femme écrivant (Marie-Thérèse) is a joyous, colour-filled and deeply private portrayal of Marie-Thérèse Walter, the younger, blond-haired girl who, when she entered the artist’s life in January 1927, influenced the course of his artwork in an unprecedented method. Femme écrivant is likely one of the best portraits of Marie-Thérèse, a radiant and intimate depiction of Picasso’s lover, which, together with the previous work of the early Thirties, epitomises one of many most interesting phases within the artist’s profession. The portray can be on view in Hong Kong from 5 to 9 of June 2017 earlier than being exhibited in London from 17 to 27 June 2017.

Marie-Thérèse’s presence in Picasso’s life aroused a artistic explosion; her youthful innocence, vitality, devotion and love was chargeable for a renaissance in each space of his inventive manufacturing. By the start of 1931, her picture started to saturate his sculpture and portray in radiant, euphoric kind. Enthroned in an ornate brown leather-based studded chair, pictured within the midst of writing a letter, in Femme écrivant, Marie-Thérèse is seated in entrance of what seems to be a window, the daylight and pale blue sky of the surface world flooding into the secluded room through which she writes and illuminating her delicate options.

Picasso painted Femme écrivant (Marie-Thérèse) in Boisgeloup, the secluded and picturesque château located close to Gisors, a small Normandy village northwest of Paris that he had purchased in the summertime of 1930. It was right here that Picasso painted what are actually recognised as the best depictions of Marie-Thérèse;

works such because the 1932 Le Rêve (Non-public Assortment; Zervos VII, no. 364 bought at Christie’s, New York, 10 November 1997 for a report $48,402,500),  

Femme nue, feuilles et buste (bought at Christie’s, New York, 4 Might 2010 for a report $106,482,500)


Painted in 1969, slightly greater than every week earlier than his 88th birthday, Pablo Picasso’s self-portrait Tête d’homme (estimate $8/12 million) was first exhibited in a one-man present that the artist curated himself within the hallowed halls of the Palace of the Popes in Avignon. Its grand scale, sweeping Gothic arches and quatrefoil home windows have been ideally suited to the good scale and impression of Picasso’s work from the interval, together with the current work. In some ways Tête d’homme epitomizes Picasso’s obsession with and admiration for Vincent van Gogh, echoing a number of components of that artist’s  

Self-Portrait with a Straw Hat from 1887.


A monumental portrait of two figures by Pablo Picasso titled Joueur de flûte et femme nue (1970, estimate: £6,500,000-8,500,000),

Joueur de flûte et femme nue depicts a voluptuous feminine nude, being softly serenaded by a bearded, flute-player seated subsequent to her. The couple’s interlocking limbs, and the sensual, spontaneous fashion of the portray all serve to infuse the composition with a heady sense of eroticism, a characteristic that characterises a lot of Picasso’s late work. The unmistakable, hieratic profile of the seated nude in Joueur de flûte et femme nue is that of Jacqueline Roque, Picasso’s nice love, spouse and remaining muse, who first appeared in his work in 1954.

Cubism is taken into account to be Pablo Picasso’s most necessary contribution to Fashionable artwork, and 

Femme assise of 1909 is likely one of the artist’s best Cubist portraits. It comes from the sequence of canvases that revolutionised Picasso’s working strategies and established his path to Cubism.The portray will lead Sotheby’s June Impressionist & Fashionable Artwork Night sale in London.

Femme assise was painted in the summertime of 1909 when Picasso travelled to his native Spain to the distant village of Horta de Ebro which might solely be accessed by mule. Right here Picasso created a sequence of canvases based mostly on the options of his lover Fernande Olivier, over a interval described as ‘essentially the most essential and productive’ within the artist’s profession. 

Following his main breakthrough in 1907 with

 Les Demoiselles d’Avignon – thought of the one most influential portray created within the Twentieth Century – Picasso continued on his path in direction of a purer pictorial language of Cubism. This development,  seen to spectacular impact in Femme assise , radically redefined the illustration of kind. Femme assise is amongst a small variety of portraits from this sequence remaining in non-public arms, with a lot of the others held in prestigious worldwide museum collections.

Final bought at public sale in 1973 at Sotheby’s in London, Femme assise has remained in a personal assortment for over forty years, throughout which period it has featured in among the most necessary worldwide exhibitions of Picasso’s work.

Pablo Picasso’s main works bought at public sale:

Pablo Picasso ’s Les femmes d’Alger (Model ‘O’) , 1955, bought for $179,354,992 in Might 2015 

Pablo Picasso ’s Nude, Inexperienced Leaves and Bust, 1932, bought for $106,482, 496 in Might 2010 

Pablo Picasso ’s Dora Maar au chat, 1941, bought for $95,216,0 00 in Might 2006 

Pablo Picasso ’s Garçon à la Pipe (Le jeune apprenti), 1905, bought for $104,168,000 in Might 2004 

Highlighting the fashionable part is Pablo Picasso’s (1881-1973) Homme assis, 1969 ( estimate: $8,000,000-12,000,000) from the Assortment of Kenneth and Susan Kaiserman. The colourful portrait of an exuberant swordsman derives from the vital group of Picasso’s famed late mousquetaire works and was exhibited on the well-known 1970 Avignon exhibition on the Palaisdes Papes.

The sale additionally showcases necessary works on paper by Picasso from the Francey and Dr. Martin L. Gecht Assortment, together with

La Minotauromachie, 1935 (estimate: $2,000,000-3,000,000),

La Femme qui pleure, 1937, (estimate: $1,800,000-2,500,000),

and La Femme au Tambourin, 1939 (estimate: $800,000-1,200,000).

The best Blue Interval work by Pablo Picasso to come back to public sale in a technology and a seminal Waterlilies by Claude Monet can be supplied in Sotheby’s Night Sale of Impressionist & Fashionable Artwork in New York on 5 November 2015. Each works are on provide from the outstanding assortment of William I. Koch – American entrepreneur, collector and America’s Cup winner. 

Picasso painted the beautiful La Gommeusein 1901, emboldened by the success of his first exhibition in Paris however reeling from his buddy Carlos Casagemas’s suicide. The work exemplifies the poignancy, introspection and sexual cost of this seminal second within the historical past of Modernism (estimate upon request). 

Monet’s beautiful Nymphéas, painted circa1908, hails from the celebrated sequence depicting his lily pond at Giverny (estimate $30/50 million). The sequence dominated the artist’s later years and is now seen as his crowning achievement. 

The work can be on public view in Sotheby’s London galleries from 10–15 October throughout Frieze Week, earlier than returning to New York for exhibition starting 30 October. 

Simon Shaw, Co-Head of Sotheby’s Worldwide Impressionist & Fashionable Artwork Division, mentioned:“Above all others, Picasso’s Blue Interval is prized as his breakthrough – that is the second Picasso turns into Picasso. Together with her dreamy gaze and frank sensuality, the cabaret dancer in La Gommeuseushers in a brand new visible idiom for the 20thcentury. Exploring themes which might underpin Picasso’s work for the following seven a long time, the portray stands squarely between the bohemian nightlife of Toulouse-Lautrec and the uncooked expressionism of Munch and Schiele.”


La Gommeuse is among the many uncommon and coveted photos created throughout Picasso’s storied Blue Interval (1901–1904). The portray dates from the second half of 1901, following Picasso’s widely-praised exhibition at Ambroise Vollard’s gallery that June, and amidst the sobering aftermath of his buddy 3Carlos Casagemas’s suicide earlier inthe yr. Simply shy of 20, the artist was sharing an residence in Paris together with his Catalan anarchist buddy and supplier Pere Mañach, and the 2 younger males immersed themselves within the debauchery of the Parisian demi-monde. This dizzying combination {of professional} success and private tragedy introduced Picasso’s artistic genius to a climax. Central to this inventive narrative is La Gommeuse: portrayed in an absinthian haze of sexual ennui, she is each temptation and downfall incarnate, a excessive priestess of melancholy and a siren of joie de vivre. 

The reverse of La Gommeuse provides one other fascinating facet to the work’s historical past. Conservation organized by Mr. Koch in 2000 revealed a portrait of Pere Mañach on the reverse of the canvas, which had been hidden underneath lining for a century. The whimsical and depraved rendering depicts the supplier sporting an unique headdress, together with his head on a feminine physique in a dancer’s leap. Scholarship has recommended that Picasso was pissed off with Mañach’s skilled dealings throughout the summer time of 1901, and this outrageous portrait encapsulates their tumultuous friendship. The reverse portray is inscribed “Recuerdo a Mañach en el día de su santo” [I remember Mañach on his Saint’s Day], suggesting that Picasso gifted La Gommeuse to his buddy on the Feast of Saints Peter & Paul (29 June), with the scene performing as his private model of a boisterous birthday card. 

Appreciating the distinctive artwork historic perception that this rediscovered work presents into the younger artist’s life, Mr. Koch constructed a customized show in his residence in order that each compositions could possibly be seen from reverse sides of the identical wall. 

Latest scholarship dedicated to Picasso’s manufacturing of 1901 means that the current work was acquired by Ambroise Vollard someday after 1906. Inlater years, it got here into the possession of the younger New York supplier Lucien Demotte, who bought it to Josef von Sternberg (1894-1949), probably the most acclaimed Hollywood movie administrators of the Thirties. Sternberg is finest remembered because the director of the 1930 movie The Blue Angel,through which Marlene Dietrich made her display screen debut because the louche cabaret performer Lola Lola. It seems that Sternberg acquired this work about one yr after the discharge of The Blue Angel,so the topic of La Gommeuse would have held nice significance for the director.

The upcoming November public sale marks the fourth event that Sotheby’s has supplied La Gommeuse at public sale. Sternberg first bought the image in 1949 at Parke-Bernet Galleries in New York, the place it was bought for $3,600. It was later acquired by Jacques Sarlie, a Dutch-born financier based mostly in New York, who had befriended Picasso after the struggle and amassed a big assortment of the artist’s work from each interval. Sarlie bought this image at Sotheby’s in London in 1960, at which level it was acquired by a supplier for a personal assortment. The image was later supplied on the market at Sotheby’s in 1984, when it was bought by Invoice Koch, who has saved it in his non-public assortment for the final 30 years. Picasso’s Blue Interval works are exceptionally uncommon, with most residing in prestigious institutional collections together with: The Metropolitan Museum of Artwork, New York; the Guggenheim Museum, New York; the Musée Picasso, Paris; and the Artwork Institute of Chicago. Works from this seminal second within the artist’s oeuvre not too long ago have been celebrated within the Courtauld Institute of Artwork’s 2013 exhibition Changing into Picasso: Paris 1901. 




Wanting Ahead to the Previous:

A Curated Night Sale

Monday, Might 11, 2015 at Christie’s Rockefeller Heart

 “To me there isn’t a previous or future in my artwork. If a murals can not reside all the time within the current it should not be thought of in any respect. The artwork of the Greeks, of the Egyptians, of the good painters who lived in different occasions, shouldn’t be an artwork of the previous; maybe it’s extra alive right this moment than it ever was…”                                                                                       — Pablo Picasso, 1923

This portray can be one among a number of masterpieces supplied in ‘Wanting Ahead to the Previous’, a sale created within the spirit of the numerous nice curated auctions Christie’s has organized in New York and London in recent times. This majestic, vibrantly-hued portray is the ultimate and most extremely completed work from Picasso’s 1954-55 sequence through which he seemed again to 19th century French grasp Eugene Delacroix for inspiration, and within the course of created a brand new fashion of portray.  Beforehand bought at Christie’s in 1997, as a part of the legendary record-breaking sale of the Assortment of Victor and Sally Ganz, this iconic work guarantees to trigger a sensation on the worldwide artwork market this spring.  Christie’s has estimated the work to understand within the area of US$140 million.

Les femmes d’Alger (Model “O”) is among the many first introduced highlights of Wanting Ahead to the Previous, an revolutionary addition to the spring calendar of auctions at Christie’s New York this Might.  This tightly-curated sale focuses on the key artists of the 20th century and displays a rising development of cross-category accumulating amongst Christie’s shoppers.

From the auctioneer’s rostrum it has develop into clear that the numerous new international collectors chasing masterpieces have been ready for an iconic Picasso to seem in the marketplace. None is extra iconic than Les femmes d’Alger. The sale on Monday 11 Might guarantees to be a sale to recollect,” mentioned Jussi Pylkkanen, Christie’s World President.


 Les femmes d’Alger (Girls of Algiers), Variation “N”

 They later bought ten to the Saidenberg Gallery, protecting Variations C, H, Okay, M and O for themselves. Model C was bought in 1988 following the dying of Victor Ganz, and the remaining 4, together with Model “O”, have been bought as particular person heaps on the 1997 sale at Christie’s New York. 

 Pablo Picasso
Les femmes d’Alger (Model “H”)
oil on canvas
51.3 x 63.9 in.
$7,152,500 at Christie’s New York, 11/10/97

 The gathering totaled $206.5 million, setting an public sale report for any single-owner assortment on the time. Les femmes d’Alger (Model “O”) was bought for $31,902,500, greater than twice its excessive estimate of $12 million.

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