March 20, 2023


Make Some Fun

114/ Ladies Artists who depicted Aphrodite/Venus (VI): French ladies artists

5 min read

On this present day it’s time to replace this blog-series (see beneath the checklist of posts) with the French ladies artists compiled within the newest model of My Undertaking : Digital Analysis Assortment of the Iconography of Venus from the Center Ages to Trendy Instances.  

Topical Catalogue Vol. 2.1 The French Venus, printed in 2009, counted solely 50 ladies artists (see their names in checklist of posts beneath: March 6, 2011 7/ Ladies Artists who depicted Aphrodite/Venus (I))  on a complete of 977 artists. The continued compilation in model 2.1.5 added 183 ladies artists  on a complete of 2348 artists (1). The outstanding anomaly of very excessive numbers within the durations 1860-99 is linked to a widely known art-historical hype.

Little question, the rise from 1960 onwards is said to growing entry to digitized sources and the decanonization of artwork historical past described as a means of “customers’ interactions with cultural content material on the WEB (2). Within the final a long time, artists current their work, not solely in galleries or exhibitions, however constantly on web with specialised promoting websites or by way of their very own WEB-site. 

Determine 1 Numbers of French ladies artists counted in durations of 20 years from 1620 onwards

The irregularity in interval 1860-79, and partly additionally in 1880-99, can solely be understood if artists anticipated to be extra profitable – and to earn more cash –  when depicting Venus.

That is unquestionably linked to the hype created by the  portray ‘Naissance de Vénus’ (oil on canvas, 130 x 225 cm, exhibited within the Salon of 1863 by Alexandre CABANEL (1823-1889 ), purchased by Napoléon III, now within the Musée d’Orsay in Paris. 

It was copied 27 instances inside 28 years by 23 French artists, of whom 13 ladies artists might be recognized till now. Lots of them exhibited their copies within the Salons de Paris. 

The hype elevated when Eduard MANET (1832-1883) exhibited two years later his well-known portray: ‘Olympia ou la Vénus au chat’ (oil on canvas, 130,5×190 cm), additionally now within the Musée d’Orsay in Paris. It was very a lot commented within the press and by artwork critics similar to Charles Baudelaire.

Although MANET himself disseminated his portray with engravings (3), no lady artist made a replica.


There have been a number of different painters in these durations who depicted Venus (e.g. Eugène-Emmanuel AMAURY-DUVAL La naissance de Vénus 1862, Charles CHAPLIN Vénus sortant de l’onde’ 1865, William- Adolphe BOUGUEREAU La naissance de Vénus’ 1879) and contributed to the hype. And in addition François BOUCHER together with his considerable Venus work was usually imitated in these durations (4), in addition to BOTTICELLI’s ’Delivery of Venus’ as quickly as copies grew to become obtainable (5).

The caricaturist Honoré DAUMIER (1808-1879) interpreted the mania completely with two cartoons within the in style journal Le Charivari.



* DAUMIER 01.04.1864: Vue d’un atelier la dernière semaine avant l’exposition “S’ils ne sont pas contens de cette Vénus…, (…)…. mais pourvu qu’elle soit sèche, mon Dieu! – Qu’est-ce que ça fait qu’elle soit sèche puisque c’est Vénus sortant de l’onde….”

* DAUMIER 10.5.1865: Croquis pris au Salon “Cette année encore des Vénus… toujours des Vénus ! … comme s’il y avait des femmes faites comme ça ! …”.





Additionally CHAM, pseudonym of Amédée Charles Henri, Comte de NOÉ (1819-1879) printed cartoons in Le Chiavari, commenting the Salons. Some examples beneath.

* CHAM 1865 Salon de Paris n°1428 


·       CHAM Au Salon de 1866 n°1470 

 “Vénus furieuse contre M.Otin qui lui a échangé les cheveux contre du macaroni. On ne fait pas de ces tours-là” (portray by L.A. OTTIN, Swiss)


 CHAM Au Salon de 1877 n°2191 Vénus échangerait bien tous ces amours contre un coiffeur’  (portray by F ZUBER-BUHLER, Swiss)


The ladies artists in these durations 1860-99 have been usually miniaturists and painted on porcelain or ceramic. Sadly, apparently only a few works have survived. The one picture obtainable, so far as the creator is aware of, is by Mlle FORTIN. It was bought by the State and attributed in 1875 to the museum of Nièvre (Nevers) (6).


La Naissance de Vénus, d’après M. Cabanel ; porcelaine Salon 1872 n°375 Auteur: Cool (Mme, de) [Arnould de Cool, Fortin (Mlle)] née à 1830 Limoges, Élève de M. A. Poitevin”.

See earlier posts:

* August 6, 2011 7/ ‘Women Artists who depicted Aphrodite/Venus (I)’ which listed 69 ladies artists from Italy, France and the Low Nations;

* November 3, 2012‘Women Artists who depicted Aphrodite/Venus (II)’ which listed 93 ladies artists from Germany, Switzerland and Central European Nations;

* March 8, 2014 ‘Women Artists who depicted Aphrodite/Venus (III)’ which listed 72 ladies artists from Nice Britain and Eire.

* November 27, 2014 “Ladies Artists who depicted Aphrodite/Venus (IV): the abstract”

* January 13, 2019  84/ Ladies Artists who depicted Aphrodite/Venus (V): the Italian replace


1.     Each the unique model Vol. 2.1 The French Venus, printed in 2009, and the revised version 2.1.5 of 2022 can be found in Meta-data of all works cited or mentioned on this submit might be retrieved within the pdfs.

2.     See ‘Canon, Value, and Cultural Heritage: New Processes of Assigning Value in the Postdigital Realm’ by Nuria Rodríguez-Ortega (Historia del Arte, Universidad de Málaga) in Multimodal Applied sciences Work together, Could 11, 2018, the place social decanonization is described as a means of “customers’ interactions with cultural content material on the internet or by way of digital means (…) with the potential to redirect consideration towards a wider spectrum of cultural manufacturing than was thought-about by historic canons.”

3.     For example in an article of 1867 ‘Éd. Manet : étude biographique et critique’ by Émile Zola.

4.     See submit of February 24, 2022 89/ François BOUCHER: the Rococo Famous person of the 18th century and his ImitatorsFig. 2 Cumulative variety of artworks depicting Venus by Imitators of François BOUCHER from 1733 to 1920 the place the quantity stays fixed from 1803 to 1859 after which rises once more constantly.

5.     The Arundel Society in London printed a chromolithograph in 1870.

6.     Supply: F/21/7642 (*) folio 19 [photos des salons] Base Mistral/Arcade

The identical (?) work was once more exhibited in Salon 1873, n°346  as an ‘émail’. A Limoges porcelain plaque signed Delphine de Cool signed and dated 1872 within the decrease left, entitled ‘Venus floating on the waves’ 24,1×40,6 cm, was on public sale at Artbay’s, El Monte, CA, US, on September 7, 2019, lot nr 112.

You may additionally like my different 113 posts since 2011: 

use ‘search’ or attempt the dynamic view –

  choose one in all a number of choices of studying kinds:

* Basic * Flipcard * Journal * Mosaic

* Sidebar * Snapshot * Timeslide

Instance of dynamic view ‘Mosaic’


Copyright © All rights reserved. | Newsphere by AF themes.